Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-Q

 

  þ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2012

OR

 

  ¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Transition Period From                  to                 

001-33289

Commission File Number

ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Bermuda   N/A

(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

P.O. Box HM 2267

Windsor Place, 3rd Floor

18 Queen Street

Hamilton HM JX

Bermuda

(Address of principal executive office, including zip code)

(441) 292-3645

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ        No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ        No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer þ

  Accelerated filer ¨    Non-accelerated filer ¨   Smaller reporting company ¨

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨        No  þ

As of November 5, 2012, the registrant had outstanding 13,858,810 voting ordinary shares and 2,725,637 non-voting convertible ordinary shares, each par value $1.00 per share.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

         Page  
  PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION   
Item 1.  

Financial Statements:

  
 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 (Unaudited)

     1   
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings for the Three and Nine Month Periods Ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 (Unaudited)

     2   
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Three and Nine Month Periods Ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 (Unaudited)

     3   
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity for the Nine Month Periods Ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 (Unaudited)

     4   
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Month Periods Ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 (Unaudited)

     5   
 

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

     6   
 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

     34   
Item 2.  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     35   
Item 3.  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

     55   
Item 4.  

Controls and Procedures

     55   
  PART II — OTHER INFORMATION   
Item 1.  

Legal Proceedings

     56   
Item 1A.  

Risk Factors

     56   
Item 5.  

Other Information

     56   
Item 6.  

Exhibits

     56   
Signature        58   


Table of Contents

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

As of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011

 

     September 30,
2012
    December 31,
2011
 
     (expressed in thousands of U.S.
dollars, except share data)
 

ASSETS

    

Short-term investments, trading, at fair value

   $ 381,106      $ 410,269   

Fixed maturities, available-for-sale, at fair value (amortized cost: 2012 — $302,954; 2011 — $590,588)

     310,642        607,316   

Fixed maturities, trading, at fair value

     2,361,540        2,035,369   

Equities, trading, at fair value

     101,072        89,981   

Other investments, at fair value

     389,728        192,264   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investments

     3,544,088        3,335,199   

Cash and cash equivalents

     644,355        850,474   

Restricted cash and cash equivalents

     289,111        373,191   

Accrued interest receivable

     28,801        26,924   

Accounts receivable

     21,179        50,258   

Income taxes recoverable

     11,493        10,559   

Reinsurance balances recoverable

     1,246,307        1,789,582   

Funds held by reinsured companies

     83,945        107,748   

Goodwill

     21,222        21,222   

Other assets

     17,969        40,981   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

   $ 5,908,470      $ 6,606,138   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES

    

Losses and loss adjustment expenses

   $ 3,639,005      $ 4,282,916   

Reinsurance balances payable

     183,059        208,540   

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     91,406        75,983   

Income taxes payable

     16,682        16,985   

Loans payable

     127,158        242,710   

Other liabilities

     106,971        95,593   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES

     4,164,281        4,922,727   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

    

SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

Share capital

    

Authorized, issued and fully paid, par value $1 each (authorized 2012: 156,000,000; 2011: 156,000,000)

    

Ordinary shares (issued and outstanding 2012: 13,713,088; 2011: 13,665,051)

     13,713        13,665   

Non-voting convertible ordinary shares:

    

Series A (issued 2012: 2,972,892; 2011: 2,972,892)

     2,973        2,973   

Series B, C and D (issued and outstanding 2012: 2,725,637; 2011: 2,725,637)

     2,726        2,726   

Treasury shares at cost (Series A non-voting convertible ordinary shares 2012: 2,972,892; 2011: 2,972,892)

     (421,559     (421,559

Additional paid-in capital

     959,191        956,329   

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     27,283        27,096   

Retained earnings

     902,947        804,836   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Enstar Group Limited Shareholders’ Equity

     1,487,274        1,386,066   

Noncontrolling interest

     256,915        297,345   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

     1,744,189        1,683,411   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

   $ 5,908,470      $ 6,606,138   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

 

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Table of Contents

ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS

For the Three and Nine Month Periods Ended September 30, 2012 and 2011

 

    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
              2012                          2011                          2012                          2011             
   

(expressed in thousands of U.S.

dollars, except share and per share data)

 

INCOME

       

Consulting fees

  $ 1,944      $ 1,623      $ 5,913      $ 7,704   

Net investment income

    19,658        18,498        60,995        53,105   

Net realized and unrealized gains (losses)

    28,280        (8,512     55,353        6,983   

Gain on bargain purchase

                         13,105   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    49,882        11,609        122,261        80,897   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EXPENSES

       

Net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities:

       

Reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses

    (58,506     (42,467     (120,221     (72,908

Reduction in provisions for bad debt

           (2,399     (2,782     (4,071

Reduction in provisions for unallocated loss adjustment expense liabilities

    (12,579     (14,113     (37,092     (37,433

Amortization of fair value adjustments

    8,538        8,865        18,365        25,911   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    (62,547     (50,114     (141,730     (88,501

Salaries and benefits

    25,138        20,923        69,968        48,028   

General and administrative expenses

    14,409        20,759        43,423        66,720   

Interest expense

    1,713        2,435        5,886        6,098   

Net foreign exchange losses (gains)

    977        (8,878     2,618        388   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    (20,310     (14,875     (19,835     32,733   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EARNINGS BEFORE INCOME TAXES

    70,192        26,484        142,096        48,164   

INCOME TAXES

    (14,700     (4,436     (30,347     (6,028
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET EARNINGS

    55,492        22,048        111,749        42,136   

Less: Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest

    (7,776     (9,984     (13,638     (17,194
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET EARNINGS ATTRIBUTABLE TO ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

  $ 47,716      $ 12,064      $ 98,111      $ 24,942   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EARNINGS PER SHARE — BASIC:

       

Net earnings per ordinary share attributable to Enstar Group Limited shareholders

  $ 2.90      $ 0.85      $ 5.97      $ 1.81   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EARNINGS PER SHARE — DILUTED

       

Net earnings per ordinary share attributable to Enstar Group Limited shareholders

  $ 2.86      $ 0.83      $ 5.88      $ 1.78   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding — basic

    16,437,780        14,270,003        16,433,943        13,743,191   

Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding — diluted

    16,676,529        14,559,164        16,674,356        14,025,144   

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

 

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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

For the Three and Nine Month Periods Ended September 30, 2012 and 2011

 

    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
    2012     2011     2012     2011  
    (expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars)  

NET EARNINGS

  $ 55,492      $ 22,048      $ 111,749      $ 42,136   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:

       

Unrealized holding gains (losses) on available-for-sale investments arising during the period

    25,464        (14,592     53,135        (7,120

Reclassification adjustment for net realized and unrealized (gains) losses included in net earnings

    (28,280     8,512        (55,353     6,983   

Decrease in defined benefit pension liability

                         272   

Currency translation adjustment

    3,597        (25,526     2,689        (13,271
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

    781        (31,606     471        (13,136
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

    56,273        (9,558     112,220        29,000   

Less comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest

    (7,652     (3,262     (13,921     (13,623
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) ATTRIBUTABLE TO ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

  $ 48,621      $ (12,820   $ 98,299      $ 15,377   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

 

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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES

IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

For the Nine Month Periods Ended September 30, 2012 and 2011

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012     2011  
     (expressed in thousands  
     of U.S. dollars)  

Share Capital — Ordinary Shares

    

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 13,665      $ 12,940   

Issue of shares

     4        539   

Share awards granted/vested

     44        42   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

   $ 13,713      $ 13,521   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Share Capital — Series A Non-Voting Convertible Ordinary Shares

    

Balance, beginning and end of period

   $ 2,973      $ 2,973   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Share Capital — Series B, C and D Non-Voting Convertible Ordinary Shares

    

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 2,726      $   

Preferred shares converted

            750   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

   $ 2,726      $ 750   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Share Capital — Preference Shares

    

Balance, beginning of period

   $      $   

Issue of shares

            750   

Shares converted

            (750
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

   $      $   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Treasury Shares

    

Balance, beginning and end of period

   $ (421,559   $ (421,559
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Additional Paid-in Capital

    

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 956,329      $ 667,907   

Issue of shares and warrants, net

     415        105,439   

Share awards granted/vested

     381        168   

Amortization of share awards

     2,066        1,957   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

   $ 959,191      $ 775,471   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income Attributable to Enstar Group Limited

    

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 27,096      $ 35,017   

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     1,332        (9,623

Net movement in unrealized holding losses on investments

     (1,145     (213

Decrease in defined benefit pension liability

            272   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

   $ 27,283      $ 25,453   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Retained Earnings

    

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 804,836      $ 651,143   

Net earnings attributable to Enstar Group Limited

     98,111        24,942   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

   $ 902,947      $ 676,085   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Noncontrolling Interest

    

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 297,345      $ 267,400   

Return of capital

     (35,366     (16,200

Dividends paid

     (18,985       

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest

     13,638        17,194   

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     1,356        (3,647

Net movement in unrealized holding (losses) gains on investments

     (1,073     76   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

   $ 256,915      $ 264,823   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

 

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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

For the Nine Month Periods Ended September 30, 2012 and 2011

 

     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
               2012                          2011             
    

(expressed in thousands of

U.S. dollars)

 

OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

    

Net earnings

   $ 111,749      $ 42,136   

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to cash flows used in operating activities:

    

Gain on bargain purchase

            (13,105

Net realized and unrealized investment (gains) losses

     (42,825     348   

Net realized and unrealized gains from other investments

     (12,528     (7,331

Other items

     3,296        5,404   

Depreciation and amortization

     1,004        1,194   

Amortization of premiums and discounts

     23,017        16,717   

Net movement of trading securities held on behalf of policyholders

     15,529        (1,039

Sales and maturities of trading securities

     1,709,227        993,125   

Purchases of trading securities

     (2,008,346     (1,535,777

Changes in assets and liabilities:

    

Reinsurance balances recoverable

     543,427        88,289   

Other assets

     73,590        75,142   

Losses and loss adjustment expenses

     (645,516     (210,735

Reinsurance balances payable

     (25,546     (29,683

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     (12,954     (45,348

Other liabilities

     10,747        (62,877
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash flows used in operating activities

     (256,129     (683,540
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

    

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

            (88,505

Sales and maturities of available-for-sale securities

     296,537        332,560   

Movement in restricted cash and cash equivalents

     84,080        210,968   

Funding of other investments

     (182,671     (25,703

Redemption of bond funds

     103        66,925   

Other investing activities

     (636     (282
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash flows provided by investing activities

     197,413        495,963   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

    

Net proceeds from issuance of shares

            105,921   

Distribution of capital to noncontrolling interest

     (7,236     (16,200

Dividends paid to noncontrolling interest

     (18,985       

Receipt of loans

            274,150   

Repayment of loans

     (115,875     (207,016
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash flows (used in) provided by financing activities

     (142,096     156,855   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TRANSLATION ADJUSTMENT

     (5,307     (5,855
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

     (206,119     (36,577

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF PERIOD

     850,474        799,154   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF PERIOD

   $ 644,355      $ 762,577   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental Cash Flow Information

    

Net income taxes paid

   $ 22,093      $ 59,700   

Interest paid

   $ 5,556      $ 6,359   

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

 

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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011

(Tabular information expressed in thousands of U.S. dollars except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

1. BASIS OF PREPARATION AND CONSOLIDATION

The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements have not been audited. These statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, these financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position and results of operations as at the end of and for the periods presented. Results of operations for subsidiaries acquired are included from the dates of their acquisition by the Company. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results for a full year. Inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated. In these notes, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” or “the Company” refer to Enstar Group Limited and its direct and indirect subsidiaries. The following information should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011. Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior period reported amounts of investment income and net realized and unrealized gains and losses to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no impact on income or net earnings previously reported.

Adoption of New Accounting Standards

In May 2011, the U.S. Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued amendments to disclosure requirements for common fair value measurement. These amendments result in a common definition of fair value and common requirements for measurement of and disclosure requirements under U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”). Consequently, the amendments change some fair value measurement principles and disclosure requirements. The Company adopted this amended accounting guidance effective January 1, 2012. The adoption of the amended guidance did not have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.

In June 2011, FASB issued amendments to disclosure requirements for presentation of comprehensive income. This guidance requires presentation of total comprehensive income, the components of net income, and the components of other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. The Company adopted this amended accounting guidance effective January 1, 2012. The adoption of the amended guidance had no impact on the consolidated financial statements.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

In December 2011, FASB issued new disclosure requirements regarding the nature of an entity’s rights of setoff and related arrangements associated with its financial instruments and derivatives. The new disclosures are designed to make financial statements that are prepared under U.S. GAAP more comparable to those prepared under IFRS. The new disclosure requirements are effective retrospectively for annual and interim reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2013. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting these revised disclosure requirements on the consolidated financial statements.

 

2. ACQUISITIONS

The Company accounts for acquisitions using the purchase method of accounting, which requires that the acquirer record the assets and liabilities acquired at their estimated fair value. The fair values of each of the reinsurance assets and liabilities acquired are derived from probability-weighted ranges of the associated projected cash flows, based on actuarially prepared information and management’s run-off strategy. Any

 

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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

2. ACQUISITIONS — (cont’d)

 

amendment to the fair values resulting from changes in such information or strategy will be recognized when the changes occur. Refer to Note 3 of Item 8 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 for more information on the accounting for acquisitions.

SeaBright

On August 27, 2012, the Company, AML Acquisition, Corp. (“AML”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, and SeaBright Holdings, Inc. (“SeaBright”) entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”), providing for the merger of AML with and into SeaBright (the “Merger”), with SeaBright surviving the Merger as an indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. SeaBright owns SeaBright Insurance Company, an Illinois domiciled insurer that is commercially domiciled in California. The Company expects to pay the aggregate purchase price of approximately $252.2 million through a combination of cash on hand and a bank loan facility to be finalized before closing.

At the effective date of the Merger, each outstanding share of SeaBright common stock (other than shares held by SeaBright in treasury or held by stockholders who have perfected and not withdrawn a demand for appraisal rights under Delaware law) will be automatically cancelled and converted into the right to receive $11.11 in cash, without interest (the “Merger Consideration”). Each outstanding option to purchase shares of SeaBright common stock will fully vest at the effective date of the Merger and be cancelled and converted into the right to receive the Merger Consideration less the per share exercise price of the option. Each outstanding share of SeaBright restricted stock and each SeaBright restricted stock unit will fully vest at the effective time and be cancelled and converted into the right to receive the Merger Consideration. Consummation of the Merger is subject to certain conditions, including the adoption of the Merger Agreement by SeaBright’s stockholders, receipt of certain regulatory approvals and certain other customary closing conditions. The transaction is expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2012 or the first quarter of 2013.

HSBC

On September 6, 2012, the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Pavonia Holdings (US), Inc. (“Pavonia”), entered into a definitive agreement for the purchase of all of the shares of Household Life Insurance Company of Delaware (“HLIC DE”) and HSBC Insurance Company of Delaware (“HSBC DE”) from Household Insurance Group Holding Company, an affiliate of HSBC Holdings plc. HLIC DE and HSBC DE are both Delaware domiciled insurers in run-off. HLIC DE owns three other insurers domiciled in Michigan, New York, and Arizona, respectively, all of which will be in run-off at the time the transaction closes. The companies to be acquired have written various U.S. and Canadian life insurance, including credit insurance, term life insurance, assumed reinsurance, corporate owned life insurance, and annuities.

The base purchase price of approximately $181.0 million will be adjusted under the terms of the stock purchase agreement based upon changes to the capital and surplus of the acquired entities arising from the operation of the business prior to closing. The Company expects to finance the purchase price through a combination of cash on hand and a drawing under its Revolving Credit Facility with National Australia Bank Limited and Barclays Corporate (the “EGL Revolving Credit Facility”). The Company is a party to the acquisition agreement and has guaranteed the performance by Pavonia of its obligations thereunder. Completion of the transaction is conditioned on, among other things, governmental and regulatory approvals and satisfaction of various customary closing conditions. The transaction is expected to close by the end of the first quarter of 2013.

 

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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

3. SIGNIFICANT NEW BUSINESS

Zurich Danish Portfolio

On June 30, 2012, the Company, through the Danish branch of its wholly-owned subsidiary, Marlon Insurance Company Limited (“Marlon”), acquired by way of loss portfolio transfer under Danish law, a portfolio of reinsurance and professional disability business from the Danish branch of Zurich Insurance Company (“Zurich”). After reflecting the final balances reported by Zurich, Marlon received total assets and liabilities of approximately $60.0 million.

Reciprocal of America

On July 6, 2012, the Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Providence Washington Insurance Company, entered into a definitive loss portfolio transfer reinsurance agreement with Reciprocal of America (in Receivership) and its Deputy Receiver relating to a portfolio of workers compensation business. The estimated total assets and liabilities to be assumed are approximately $174.0 million. Completion of the transaction is conditioned upon, among other things, regulatory approvals and satisfaction of customary closing conditions. The transaction is expected to close in the first quarter of 2013.

Claremont

On August 6, 2012, the Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Fitzwilliam Insurance Limited (“Fitzwilliam”), entered into a novation agreement with another of the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiaries, Claremont Liability Insurance Company (“Claremont”), and one of Claremont’s reinsurers with respect to a quota share contract. Under the novation agreement, Fitzwilliam replaced the reinsurer on the quota share contract in exchange for total assets and liabilities of approximately $16.5 million.

 

4. INVESTMENTS

Available-for-sale

The amortized cost and estimated fair values of the Company’s fixed maturity securities classified as available-for-sale were as follows:

 

     Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
Holding
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Holding
Losses
Non-OTTI
    Fair
Value
 

As at September 30, 2012

          

U.S. government and agency

   $ 4,532       $ 494       $      $ 5,026   

Non-U.S. government

     122,844         4,290         (222     126,912   

Corporate

     169,117         3,436         (538     172,015   

Residential mortgage-backed

     4,701         270         (80     4,891   

Commercial mortgage-backed

     1,376         45                1,421   

Asset-backed

     384         9         (16     377   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 302,954       $ 8,544       $ (856   $ 310,642   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

8


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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

4. INVESTMENTS — (cont’d)

 

     Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
Holding
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Holding
Losses
Non-OTTI
    Fair
Value
 

As at December 31, 2011

          

U.S. government and agency

   $ 17,816       $ 546       $ (433   $ 17,929   

Non-U.S. government

     160,128         9,227         (828     168,527   

Corporate

     366,954         7,937         (2,578     372,313   

Residential mortgage-backed

     13,544         276         (108     13,712   

Commercial mortgage-backed

     12,680         3,044         (7     15,717   

Asset-backed

     19,466         65         (413     19,118   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 590,588       $ 21,095       $ (4,367   $ 607,316   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Included within residential and commercial mortgage-backed securities as at September 30, 2012 are securities issued by U.S. governmental agencies with a fair value of $3,889 (as at December 31, 2011: $4,624).

The following tables summarize the Company’s fixed maturity securities classified as available-for-sale in an unrealized loss position as well as the aggregate fair value and gross unrealized loss by length of time the security has continuously been in an unrealized loss position:

 

     12 Months or Greater     Less Than 12 Months     Total  

As at September 30, 2012

   Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
    Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value      Unrealized
Losses
 

U.S. government and agency

   $       $      $       $      $       $   

Non-U.S. government

     2,599         (133     3,770         (89     6,369         (222

Corporate

     15,372         (113     18,371         (425     33,743         (538

Residential mortgage-backed

     1,129         (80     1                1,130         (80

Commercial mortgage-backed

                                             

Asset-backed

     212         (16                    212         (16
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 19,312       $ (342   $ 22,142       $ (514   $ 41,454       $ (856
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     12 Months or Greater     Less Than 12 Months     Total  

As at December 31, 2011

   Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
    Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
    Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
 

U.S. government and agency

   $       $      $ 8,318       $ (433   $ 8,318       $ (433

Non-U.S. government

     14,982         (466     16,305         (362     31,287         (828

Corporate

     47,197         (1,367     54,106         (1,211     101,303         (2,578

Residential mortgage-backed

     1,299         (105     36         (3     1,335         (108

Commercial mortgage-backed

                    215         (7     215         (7

Asset-backed

     7,577         (187     6,491         (226     14,068         (413
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 71,055       $ (2,125   $ 85,471       $ (2,242   $ 156,526       $ (4,367
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

As at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the number of securities classified as available-for-sale in an unrealized loss position was 37 and 107, respectively, with a fair value of $41.5 million and $156.5 million, respectively. Of these securities, the number of securities that had been in an unrealized loss position for twelve months or longer was 25 and 59, respectively. As of September 30, 2012, none of these securities were considered to be other than temporarily impaired.

 

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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

4. INVESTMENTS — (cont’d)

 

The contractual maturities of the Company’s fixed maturity securities classified as available-for-sale are shown below. Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

 

As at September 30, 2012

   Amortized
Cost
     Fair
Value
     % of Total
Fair Value
 

Due in one year or less

   $ 225,146       $ 227,225         73.1

Due after one year through five years

     68,264         73,299         23.6

Due after five years through ten years

                       

Due after ten years

     3,083         3,429         1.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     296,493         303,953         97.8

Residential mortgage-backed

     4,701         4,891         1.6

Commercial mortgage-backed

     1,376         1,421         0.5

Asset-backed

     384         377         0.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 302,954       $ 310,642         100.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

As at December 31, 2011

   Amortized
Cost
     Fair
Value
     % of Total
Fair Value
 

Due in one year or less

   $ 230,550       $ 230,377         37.9

Due after one year through five years

     308,062         322,131         53.0

Due after five years through ten years

     3,296         3,367         0.6

Due after ten years

     2,990         2,894         0.5
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     544,898         558,769         92.0

Residential mortgage-backed

     13,544         13,712         2.3

Commercial mortgage-backed

     12,680         15,717         2.6

Asset-backed

     19,466         19,118         3.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 590,588       $ 607,316         100.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following tables set forth certain information regarding the credit ratings (provided by major rating agencies) of the Company’s fixed maturity securities classified as available-for-sale:

 

As at September 30, 2012

   Amortized
Cost
     Fair
Value
     % of Total
Fair Value
 

AAA

   $ 111,505       $ 115,607         37.2

AA

     82,714         84,430         27.2

A

     99,310         100,912         32.5

BBB or lower

     9,085         8,971         2.9

Not Rated

     340         722         0.2
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 302,954       $ 310,642         100.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

4. INVESTMENTS — (cont’d)

 

As at December 31, 2011

   Amortized
Cost
     Fair
Value
     % of Total
Fair Value
 

AAA

   $ 204,967       $ 214,873         35.4

AA

     131,092         132,971         21.9

A

     210,040         215,225         35.4

BBB or lower

     44,100         43,526         7.2

Not Rated

     389         721         0.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 590,588       $ 607,316         100.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Trading

The estimated fair values of the Company’s investments in fixed maturity securities, short-term investments and equities classified as trading securities were as follows:

 

     September 30,
2012
     December 31,
2011
 

U.S. government and agency

   $ 375,150       $ 400,908   

Non-U.S. government

     269,376         212,251   

Corporate

     1,767,571         1,595,930   

Municipal

     20,568         25,416   

Residential mortgage-backed

     119,462         97,073   

Commercial mortgage-backed

     135,740         70,977   

Asset-backed

     54,779         43,083   

Equities

     101,072         89,981   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 2,843,718       $ 2,535,619   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following tables set forth certain information regarding the credit ratings (provided by major rating agencies) of the Company’s fixed maturity securities and short-term investments classified as trading:

 

As at September 30, 2012

   Fair
Value
     % of Total
Fair Value
 

AAA

   $ 404,395         14.7

AA

     1,057,034         38.5

A

     893,069         32.6

BBB or lower

     370,240         13.5

Not Rated

     17,908         0.7
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 2,742,646         100.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

As at December 31, 2011

   Fair
Value
     % of Total
Fair Value
 

AAA

   $ 881,951         36.0

AA

     400,394         16.4

A

     796,608         32.6

BBB or lower

     341,307         14.0

Not Rated

     25,378         1.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 2,445,638         100.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

11


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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

4. INVESTMENTS — (cont’d)

 

Other Investments

The estimated fair values of the Company’s other investments were as follows:

 

     September 30,
2012
     December 31,
2011
 

Private equity funds

   $ 115,199       $ 107,388   

Bond funds

     147,609         54,537   

Fixed income hedge funds

     52,322         24,395   

Equity fund

     53,889           

Real estate debt fund

     15,861           

Other

     4,848         5,944   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 389,728       $ 192,264   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

These investments are discussed in further detail below.

Private equity funds

This class is comprised of several private equity funds that invest primarily in the financial services industry. All of the Company’s investments in private equity funds are subject to restrictions on redemptions and sales that are determined by the governing documents and limit the Company’s ability to liquidate those investments. These restrictions have been in place since the dates the initial investments were made by the Company.

As of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company had $115.2 million and $107.4 million, respectively, of other investments recorded in private equity funds, which represented 2.6% and 2.4% of total investments, cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011. Due to a lag in the valuations reported by the managers, the Company records changes in the investment value with up to a three-month lag.

Bond funds

This class is comprised of a number of positions in diversified bond mutual funds managed by third-party managers.

Fixed income hedge funds

This class is comprised of hedge funds that invest in a diversified portfolio of debt securities. The advisor of the funds intends to seek attractive risk-adjusted total returns for the funds’ investors by acquiring, originating, and actively managing a diversified portfolio of debt securities, with a focus on various forms of asset-backed securities and loans. The funds focus on investments that the advisor believes to be fundamentally undervalued with current market prices that are believed to be compelling relative to intrinsic value. The hedge funds are not currently eligible for redemption due to imposed lock-up periods of three years from the time of the Company’s initial investment. Once eligible, redemptions will be permitted quarterly with 90 days’ notice. The first investment in the funds will be eligible for redemption in March 2014.

Equity fund

This class is comprised of an equity fund that invests in a diversified portfolio of international publicly-traded equity securities. The manager of the fund seeks to maximize the intrinsic value of the portfolio by focusing on price and quality.

 

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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

4. INVESTMENTS — (cont’d)

 

Real estate debt fund

This class is comprised of a real estate debt fund that invests primarily in U.S. commercial real estate. A redemption request for this fund can be made 10 days after the date of any monthly valuation; the fund states that it will make commercially reasonable efforts to redeem the investment within the next monthly period.

Other

This class is comprised primarily of the College and University Facility Loan Trust (the “Loan Trust”). The Loan Trust provides loans to educational institutions throughout the U.S. and its territories. The Company holds Class B certificates of the Loan Trust and accordingly receives semi-annual distributions. The Company has no redemption rights with respect to its investment in the Loan Trust.

Redemption restrictions on other investments

The following table presents the total fair value, unfunded commitments and redemption frequency for all other investments. These investments are all valued at net asset value as at September 30, 2012:

 

    Total Fair
Value
    Gated/Side
Pocket
Investments
    Investments
without Gates
or Side Pockets
    Unfunded
Commitments
   

Redemption Frequency

Private equity funds

  $ 115,199      $      $ 115,199      $ 63,099      Not eligible

Bond funds

    147,609               147,609             Daily to monthly

Fixed income hedge funds

    52,322               52,322             Quarterly after lock-up periods expire

Equity funds

    53,889               53,889             Bi-monthly

Real estate debt fund

    15,861               15,861            

10 days notice after

monthly valuation

Other

    4,848               4,848        696      Not eligible
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   
  $ 389,728      $      $ 389,728      $ 63,795     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Certain funds included in other investments are subject to a lock-up period. A lock-up period refers to the initial amount of time an investor is contractually required to invest before having the ability to redeem the investment. Funds that do provide for periodic redemptions may, depending on the funds’ governing documents, have the ability to deny or delay a redemption request, which is called a “gate.” The fund may restrict redemptions because the aggregate amount of redemption requests as of a particular date exceeds a specified level. The gate is a method for executing an orderly redemption process that allows for redemption requests to be executed in a timely manner to reduce the possibility of adversely affecting the remaining investors in the fund. Typically, the imposition of a gate delays a portion of the requested redemption, with the remaining portion to be settled in cash sometime after the redemption date.

Certain funds included in other investments may be allowed to invest a portion of their assets in illiquid securities, such as private equity or convertible debt. In such cases, a common mechanism used is a “side-pocket”, whereby the illiquid security is assigned to a separate memorandum capital account or designated account. Typically, the investor loses its redemption rights in the designated account. Only when the illiquid security is sold, or is otherwise deemed liquid by the fund, may investors redeem their interest in the side-pocket.

Information regarding other investments the Company has with related parties is described in “Note 12 —Related Party Transactions”.

 

13


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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

4. INVESTMENTS — (cont’d)

 

Other-Than-Temporary Impairment Process

The Company assesses whether declines in the fair value of its fixed maturity investments classified as available-for-sale represent impairment losses that are other-than-temporary and whether a credit loss exists in accordance with its accounting policies. The Company had no planned sales of its fixed maturity investments classified as available-for-sale as at September 30, 2012. In assessing whether it is more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell a fixed maturity investment before its anticipated recovery, the Company considers various factors including its future cash flow requirements, legal and regulatory requirements, the level of its cash, cash equivalents, short-term investments and fixed maturity investments available-for-sale in an unrealized gain position, and other relevant factors. For the nine months ended September 30, 2012, the Company did not recognize any other-than-temporary impairments due to required sales. The Company determined that, as at September 30, 2012, no credit losses existed.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair value is defined as the price at which to sell an asset or transfer a liability (i.e. the “exit price”) in an orderly transaction between market participants. The Company uses a fair value hierarchy that gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets and the lowest priority to unobservable data. The hierarchy is broken down into three levels as follows:

 

   

Level 1 — Valuations based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access. Valuation adjustments and block discounts are not applied to Level 1 instruments.

 

   

Level 2 — Valuations based on quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in inactive markets, or for which significant inputs are observable (e.g. interest rates, yield curves, prepayment speeds, default rates, loss severities, etc.) or can be corroborated by observable market data.

 

   

Level 3 — Valuations based on inputs that are unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement. The unobservable inputs reflect the Company’s own judgment about assumptions that market participants might use.

The following is a summary of valuation techniques or models the Company uses to measure fair value by asset and liability classes.

Fixed Maturity Investments

The Company’s fixed maturity portfolio is managed by the Company’s Chief Investment Officer and outside investment advisors with oversight from the Company’s Investment Committee. Fair value prices for all securities in the fixed maturities portfolio are independently provided by the investment custodian, investment accounting service provider and investment managers, each of which utilize internationally recognized independent pricing services. Interactive Data Corporation is, however, the main pricing service utilized to estimate the fair value measurements for the Company’s fixed maturity investments. The Company records the unadjusted price provided by the investment custodian, investment accounting service provider or the investment manager and validates this price through a process that includes, but is not limited to: (i) comparison of prices between two independent sources, with significant differences requiring additional price sources; (ii) quantitative analysis (e.g., comparing the quarterly return for each managed portfolio to its target benchmark, with significant differences identified and investigated); (iii) evaluation of methodologies used by external parties to estimate fair value, including a review of the inputs used for pricing; and (iv) comparing the price to the Company’s

 

14


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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

4. INVESTMENTS — (cont’d)

 

knowledge of the current investment market. The Company’s internal price verification procedures and review of fair value methodology documentation provided by independent pricing services have not historically resulted in adjustment in the prices obtained from the pricing service.

The independent pricing services used by the investment custodian, investment accounting service provider and investment managers obtain actual transaction prices for securities that have quoted prices in active markets. For determining the fair value of securities that are not actively traded, in general, pricing services use “matrix pricing” in which the independent pricing service uses observable market inputs including, but not limited to, reported trades, benchmark yields, broker-dealer quotes, interest rates, prepayment speeds, default rates and such other inputs as are available from market sources to determine a reasonable fair value. In addition, pricing services use valuation models, using observable data, such as an Option Adjusted Spread model, to develop prepayment and interest rate scenarios. The Option Adjusted Spread model is commonly used to estimate fair value for securities such as mortgage-backed and asset-backed securities.

The following describes the techniques generally used to determine the fair value of the Company’s fixed maturities by asset class.

 

   

U.S. government and agency securities consist of securities issued by the U.S. Treasury and mortgage pass-through agencies such as the Federal National Mortgage Association, the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation and other agencies. The significant inputs used to determine the fair value of these securities include the spread above the risk-free yield curve, reported trades and broker-dealer quotes. These are considered to be observable market inputs and, therefore, the fair values of these securities are classified within Level 2.

 

   

Non-U.S. government securities consist of bonds issued by non-U.S. governments and agencies along with supranational organizations. The significant inputs used to determine the fair value of these securities include the spread above the risk-free yield curve, reported trades and broker-dealer quotes. These are considered to be observable market inputs and, therefore, the fair values of these securities are classified within Level 2.

 

   

Corporate securities consist primarily of investment-grade debt of a wide variety of corporate issuers and industries. The fair values of these securities are determined using the spread above the risk-free yield curve, reported trades, broker-dealer quotes, benchmark yields, and industry and market indicators. These are considered observable market inputs and, therefore, the fair values of these securities are classified within Level 2. Where pricing is unavailable from pricing services, the Company obtains non-binding quotes from broker-dealers. This is generally the case when there is a low volume of trading activity and current transactions are not orderly. In this event, securities are classified within Level 3. As at September 30, 2012, the Company had one corporate security classified as Level 3.

 

   

Municipal securities consist primarily of bonds issued by U.S.-domiciled state and municipal entities. The fair values of these securities are determined using the spread above the risk-free yield curve, reported trades, broker-dealer quotes and benchmark yields. These are considered observable market inputs and, therefore, the fair values of these securities are classified within Level 2.

 

   

Asset-backed securities consist primarily of investment-grade bonds backed by pools of loans with a variety of underlying collateral. The significant inputs used to determine the fair value of these securities include the spread above the risk-free yield curve, reported trades, benchmark yields, broker-dealer quotes, prepayment speeds, and default rates. These are considered observable market inputs and, therefore, the fair values of these securities are classified within Level 2.

 

15


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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

4. INVESTMENTS — (cont’d)

 

   

Residential and commercial mortgage-backed securities include both agency and non-agency originated securities. The significant inputs used to determine the fair value of these securities include the spread above the risk-free yield curve, reported trades, benchmark yields, broker-dealer quotes, prepayment speeds, and default rates. These are considered observable market inputs and, therefore, the fair values of these securities are classified within Level 2. Where pricing is unavailable from pricing services, the Company obtains non-binding quotes from broker-dealers. This is generally the case when there is a low volume of trading activity and current transactions are not orderly. In this event, securities are classified within Level 3. As at September 30, 2012, the Company had no residential or commercial mortgage-backed securities classified as Level 3.

Equity Securities

The Company’s equity securities are traded on the major exchanges and are managed by two external advisors. The Company uses Interactive Data Corporation, an internationally recognized pricing service, to estimate the fair value for all of its equity securities. The Company’s equity securities are widely diversified and there is no significant concentration in any specific industry.

The Company has categorized all of its investments in common stock as Level 1 investments because the fair values of these securities are based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Because their fair value estimates are based on observable market data, the Company has categorized its investments in preferred stock as Level 2, with the exception of one investment in preferred stock that has been categorized as Level 3.

Other Investments

The Company has ongoing due diligence processes with respect to funds in which it invests and their managers. These processes are designed to assist the Company in assessing the quality of information provided by, or on behalf of, each fund and in determining whether such information continues to be reliable or whether further review is warranted. Certain funds do not provide full transparency of their underlying holdings; however, the Company obtains the audited financial statements for every fund annually, and regularly reviews and discusses the fund performance with the fund managers to corroborate the reasonableness of the reported net asset values. The use of net asset value as an estimate of the fair value for investments in certain entities that calculate net asset value is a permitted practical expedient. While reported net asset value is the primary input to the review, when the net asset value is deemed not to be indicative of fair value, the Company may incorporate adjustments to the reported net asset value (and not use the permitted practical expedient) on an investment by investment basis. These adjustments may involve significant management judgment.

For its investments in private equity funds, the Company measures fair value by obtaining the most recently published net asset value as advised by the external fund manager or third-party administrator. The funds calculate net asset value on a fair value basis. For all publicly-traded companies within the funds, the Company adjusts the net asset value based on the latest share price. The Company has classified its investments in private equity funds as Level 3 investments because they reflect the Company’s own judgment about the assumptions that market participants might use.

The bond funds in which the Company invests have been classified as Level 2 investments because their fair value is estimated using the net asset value reported by Bloomberg and because the bond funds provide daily liquidity.

For its investments in fixed income hedge funds, the Company measures fair value by obtaining the most recently published net asset value as advised by the external fund manager or third-party administrator. The investments in the funds are classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy.

 

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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

4. INVESTMENTS — (cont’d)

 

For its investment in the equity fund, the Company measures fair value by obtaining the most recently published net asset value. The investment in the fund is classified as Level 2 because the fair value is provided daily by the administrator and the underlying investments of the fund are publicly-traded equities.

For its investment in the real estate debt fund, the Company measures fair value by obtaining the most recently published net asset value as advised by the external fund manager or third-party administrator. The investment in the fund is classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy.

For its investment in the Loan Trust, the Company measures fair value by obtaining the most recently published financial statements of the Loan Trust. The financial statements of the Loan Trust are audited annually in accordance with U.S. GAAP. In addition to the annual audited financial statements issued by the Loan Trust, it also provides unaudited statements on a semi-annual basis. The investment in the Loan Trust is classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy.

A review of fair value hierarchy classifications is conducted on a quarterly basis. Changes in the observability of valuation inputs may result in a reclassification for certain financial assets and liabilities. Reclassifications between Level 1, 2 and 3 of the fair value hierarchy are reported as transfers in and/or out as of the beginning of the quarter in which the reclassifications occur.

Fair Value Measurements

In accordance with the provisions of the Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure topic of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820, the Company has categorized its investments that are recorded at fair value among levels as follows:

 

     September 30, 2012  
     Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
     Total Fair
Value
 

U.S. government and agency

   $       $ 380,176       $       $ 380,176   

Non-U.S. government

             396,288                 396,288   

Corporate

             1,939,022         564         1,939,586   

Municipal

             20,568                 20,568   

Residential mortgage-backed

             124,353                 124,353   

Commercial mortgage-backed

             137,161                 137,161   

Asset-backed

             55,156                 55,156   

Equities

     92,955         4,825         3,292         101,072   

Other investments

             201,499         188,229         389,728   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total investments

   $ 92,955       $ 3,259,048       $ 192,085       $ 3,544,088   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

4. INVESTMENTS — (cont’d)

 

     December 31, 2011  
     Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
     Total Fair
Value
 

U.S. government and agency

   $       $ 418,837       $       $ 418,837   

Non-U.S. government

             380,778                 380,778   

Corporate

             1,967,724         519         1,968,243   

Municipal

             25,416                 25,416   

Residential mortgage-backed

             110,785                 110,785   

Commercial mortgage-backed

             86,694                 86,694   

Asset-backed

             62,201                 62,201   

Equities

     82,381         4,625         2,975         89,981   

Other investments

             54,537         137,727         192,264   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total investments

   $ 82,381       $ 3,111,597       $ 141,221       $ 3,335,199   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

During 2012 and 2011, the Company had no transfers between Levels 1 and 2.

The following table presents a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances for all investments measured at fair value on a recurring basis using Level 3 inputs during the three months ended September 30, 2012:

 

     Fixed
Maturity
Investments
     Other
Investments
    Equity
Securities
    Total  

Level 3 investments as of July 1, 2012

   $ 562       $ 181,740      $ 3,310      $ 185,612   

Purchases

             7,084               7,084   

Sales

             (1,171            (1,171

Net realized and unrealized gains (losses) through earnings

     2         576        (18     560   

Net transfers into and/or (out of) Level 3

                             
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Level 3 investments as of September 30, 2012

   $ 564       $ 188,229      $ 3,292      $ 192,085   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The amount of net gains (losses) for the three months ended September 30, 2012 included in earnings attributable to the fair value of changes in assets still held at September 30, 2012 was $0.3 million. All of this amount was included in net realized and unrealized gains (losses).

The following table presents a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances for all investments measured at fair value on a recurring basis using Level 3 inputs during the three months ended September 30, 2011:

 

     Fixed
Maturity
Investments
    Other
Investments
    Equity
Securities
    Total  

Level 3 investments as of July 1, 2011

   $ 552      $ 148,840      $ 4,431      $ 153,823   

Purchases

            2,196               2,196   

Sales

            (62            (62

Net realized and unrealized losses through earnings

     (42     (1,501     (731     (2,274

Net transfers into and/or (out of) Level 3

                            
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Level 3 investments as of September 30, 2011

   $ 510      $ 149,473      $ 3,700      $ 153,683   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

4. INVESTMENTS — (cont’d)

 

The amount of net gains (losses) for the three months ended September 30, 2011 included in earnings attributable to the fair value of changes in assets still held at September 30, 2011 was $(0.3) million. All of this amount was included in net realized and unrealized gains (losses).

The following table presents a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances for all investments measured at fair value on a recurring basis using Level 3 inputs during the nine months ended September 30, 2012:

 

     Fixed
Maturity
Investments
     Other
Investments
    Equity
Securities
     Total  

Level 3 investments as of January 1, 2012

   $ 519       $ 137,727      $ 2,975       $ 141,221   

Purchases

             57,246                57,246   

Sales

             (14,335             (14,335

Net realized and unrealized gains through earnings

     45         7,591        317         7,953   

Net transfers into and/or (out of) Level 3

                              
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Level 3 investments as of September 30, 2012

   $ 564       $ 188,229      $ 3,292       $ 192,085   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The amount of net gains (losses) for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 included in earnings attributable to the fair value of changes in assets still held at September 30, 2012 was $8.1 million. All of this amount was included in net realized and unrealized gains (losses).

The following table presents a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances for all investments measured at fair value on a recurring basis using Level 3 inputs during the nine months ended September 30, 2011:

 

     Fixed
Maturity
Investments
    Other
Investments
    Equity
Securities
     Total  

Level 3 investments as of January 1, 2011

   $ 1,444      $ 132,435      $ 3,575       $ 137,454   

Purchases

            12,760                12,760   

Sales

     (1,043     (1,728             (2,771

Net realized and unrealized gains through earnings

     109        6,006        125         6,240   

Net transfers into and/or (out of) Level 3

                             
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Level 3 investments as of September 30, 2011

   $ 510      $ 149,473      $ 3,700       $ 153,683   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The amount of net gains (losses) for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 included in earnings attributable to the fair value of changes in assets still held at September 30, 2011 was $6.1 million. All of this amount was included in net realized and unrealized gains (losses).

 

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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

4. INVESTMENTS — (cont’d)

 

Components of net realized and unrealized gains (losses) are as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012     2011     2012     2011  

Gross realized gains on available-for-sale securities

   $ 3,735      $ 201      $ 5,209      $ 769   

Gross realized losses on available-for-sale securities

     (27     (19     (450     (329

Net realized gains on trading securities

     3,824        1,317        12,684        4,463   

Net unrealized gains (losses) on trading securities

     13,059        (10,479     25,382        (5,251

Net unrealized gains on other investments

     7,689        468        12,528        7,331   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net realized and unrealized gains (losses)

   $ 28,280      $ (8,512   $ 55,353      $ 6,983   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Proceeds from sales and maturities of available-for-sale securities

   $ 112,928      $ 70,583      $ 296,537      $ 332,560   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Major categories of net investment income are summarized as follows:

 

    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
          2012                 2011                 2012                 2011        

Interest from fixed maturities

  $ 20,027      $ 20,765      $ 62,019      $ 52,471   

Amortization of bond premiums and discounts

    (6,208     (7,710     (22,634     (16,717

Dividends from equities

    593        393        1,904        1,097   

Interest from cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments

    4,525        2,994        11,684        8,743   

Interest on other receivables

    1,027        871        6,242        4,971   

Other income

    733        1,378        4,091        2,723   

Interest on deposits held with clients

    377        317        988        1,013   

Investment expenses

    (1,416     (510     (3,299     (1,196
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
  $ 19,658      $ 18,498      $ 60,995      $ 53,105   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Restricted Investments

The Company is required to maintain investments on deposit with various regulatory authorities to support its insurance and reinsurance operations. The investments on deposit are available to settle insurance and reinsurance liabilities. The Company also utilizes trust accounts to collateralize business with its insurance and reinsurance counterparties. These trust accounts generally take the place of letter of credit requirements. The investments in trusts as collateral are primarily highly rated fixed maturity securities. The carrying value of the Company’s restricted investments as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 was as follows:

 

     September 30,
2012
     December 31,
2011
 

Assets used for collateral in trust for third-party agreements

   $ 482,699       $ 571,041   

Deposits with regulatory authorities

     196,799         200,136   

Others

     54,643         59,763   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 734,141       $ 830,940   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

5. RESTRICTED CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

Restricted cash and cash equivalents were $289.1 million and $373.2 million as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. The restricted cash and cash equivalents are used as collateral against letters of credit and as guarantees under trust agreements. Letters of credit are issued to ceding insurers as security for the obligations of insurance subsidiaries under reinsurance agreements with those ceding insurers.

 

6. DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS

The Company uses foreign currency forward exchange contracts as part of its overall foreign currency risk management strategy or to obtain exposure to a particular financial market and for yield enhancement. These derivatives were not designated as hedging investments.

The following table sets out the foreign exchange forward contracts outstanding as at September 30, 2012 and the estimated fair value of derivative instruments recorded on the balance sheet:

 

Foreign Exchange

Forward Contract

  Contract Date     Settlement Date     Contract Amount     Settlement
Amount
    Fair Value as at
September 30, 2012
 

Australian dollar

    February 8, 2012        December 19, 2012        AU$25.0 million      $ 26,165      $ 167   

Australian dollar

    February 8, 2012        May 10, 2013        AU$35.0 million        36,099        (297

British pound

    March 6, 2012        March 6, 2013        UKP17.0 million        26,611        (841
       

 

 

   

 

 

 
        $ 88,875      ($ 971
       

 

 

   

 

 

 

The Company recognized in net earnings for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, a foreign exchange loss of $1.7 million and $1.0 million, respectively, on the foreign currency forward exchange contracts.

In October 2010, the Company entered into a foreign currency forward exchange contract where it sold AU$45.0 million for $42.5 million with a contract settlement date of June 30, 2011. The Company recognized in net earnings for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011 a foreign exchange loss of $nil and $1.9 million, respectively, on this foreign currency forward exchange contract.

On August 23, 2011, the Company entered into a foreign currency forward exchange contract where it sold AU$35.0 million for $37.0 million. On September 22, 2011, the Company effectively closed out the contract by entering into a forward contract with the same settlement date of December 2, 2011, pursuant to which it bought AU$35.0 million for $34.0 million. The Company recognized in net earnings, for both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, a net foreign exchange gain of $3.0 million on the foreign currency forward exchange contracts.

 

7. REINSURANCE BALANCES RECOVERABLE

 

     September 30,
2012
    December 31,
2011
 

Recoverable from reinsurers on:

    

Outstanding losses

   $ 586,134      $ 837,693   

Losses incurred but not reported

     515,435        678,437   

Fair value adjustments

     (96,997     (133,127
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total reinsurance reserves recoverable

     1,004,572        1,383,003   

Paid losses recoverable

     241,735        406,579   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 1,246,307      $ 1,789,582   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

21


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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

7. REINSURANCE BALANCES RECOVERABLE — (cont’d)

 

The Company’s acquired reinsurance subsidiaries, prior to acquisition, used retrocessional agreements to reduce their exposure to the risk of insurance and reinsurance assumed. The Company’s reinsurance subsidiaries remain liable to the extent that retrocessionaires do not meet their obligations under these agreements, and therefore, the Company evaluates and monitors concentration of credit risk among its reinsurers. Provisions are made for amounts considered potentially uncollectible.

As of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, we had total reinsurance balances recoverable of $1.25 billion and $1.79 billion, respectively. The decrease of $543.3 million in total reinsurance balances recoverable was primarily as a result of commutations and cash collections made during the nine months ended September 30, 2012. At September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the provision for uncollectible reinsurance recoverable relating to total reinsurance balances recoverable was $344.9 million and $341.1 million, respectively. To estimate the provision for uncollectible reinsurance recoverable, the reinsurance balances recoverable are first allocated to applicable reinsurers. This determination is based on a detailed process, although management judgment is involved. As part of this process, ceded incurred but not reported (“IBNR”) reserves are allocated by reinsurer. The ratio of the provision for uncollectible reinsurance recoverable to total reinsurance balances recoverable (excluding provision for uncollectible reinsurance recoverable) as of September 30, 2012 increased to 21.7% as compared to 16.0% as of December 31, 2011, primarily as a result of commutations and the collection of reinsurance balances recoverable against which there were minimal provisions for uncollectible reinsurance recoverable.

The fair value adjustment, determined on acquisition of reinsurance subsidiaries, was based on the estimated timing of loss and loss adjustment expense recoveries and an assumed interest rate equivalent to a risk free rate for securities with similar duration to the reinsurance recoverables acquired plus a spread to reflect credit risk, and is amortized over the estimated recovery period using the constant yield method, as adjusted for accelerations in timing of payments as a result of commutation settlements.

At September 30, 2012, the Company’s top ten reinsurers accounted for 68.0% (December 31, 2011: 70.0%) of reinsurance recoverables (which includes loss reserves recoverable and recoverables on paid losses) and included $374.2 million of IBNR reserves recoverable (December 31, 2011: $451.3 million). With the exception of one BBB+ rated reinsurer from which $44.9 million was recoverable, the other top ten reinsurers, as at September 30, 2012, were all rated A+ or better. As at December 31, 2011, with the exception of one BBB+ rated reinsurer from which $55.2 million was recoverable, the other top ten reinsurers were all rated A+ or better. Reinsurance recoverables by reinsurer were as follows:

 

     September 30, 2012     December 31, 2011  
     Reinsurance
Recoverable
     % of
Total
    Reinsurance
Recoverable
     % of
Total
 

Top ten reinsurers

   $ 846,960         68.0   $ 1,252,929         70.0

Other reinsurers’ balances > $1 million

     394,707         31.6     532,303         29.7

Other reinsurers’ balances < $1 million

     4,640         0.4     4,350         0.3
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,246,307         100.0   $ 1,789,582         100.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

As at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, reinsurance balances recoverable with a carrying value of $208.1 million and $235.8 million, respectively, were associated with one reinsurer, which represented 10% or more of total reinsurance balances receivable. Of the $208.1 million receivable from the reinsurer as at September 30, 2012, $151.7 million is secured by a trust fund held for the benefit of the Company’s reinsurance subsidiaries. As at September 30, 2012, the reinsurer had a credit rating of A+, as provided by a major rating agency. In the event that all or any of the reinsuring companies that have not secured their obligations are unable to meet their obligations under existing reinsurance agreements, the Company’s reinsurance subsidiaries will be liable for such defaulted amounts.

 

22


Table of Contents

ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

8. LOSSES AND LOSS ADJUSTMENT EXPENSES

 

     September 30,
2012
    December 31,
2011
 

Outstanding

   $ 2,063,708      $ 2,549,648   

Incurred but not reported

     1,888,124        2,110,299   

Fair value adjustment

     (312,827     (377,031
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 3,639,005      $ 4,282,916   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Refer to Note 10 of Item 8 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 for more information on establishing reserves.

Loss and loss adjustment expenses decreased by $643.9 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2012 primarily as a result of claim settlements, commutations and reserve reviews, partially offset by loss reserves assumed and acquired of $80.5 million.

The table below provides a reconciliation of the beginning and ending reserves for losses and loss adjustment expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. Losses incurred and paid are reflected net of reinsurance balances recoverable.

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012     2011  

Balance as at July 1

   $ 3,810,331      $ 3,267,341   

Less: total reinsurance reserves recoverable

     1,064,854        556,374   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     2,745,477        2,710,967   

Effect of exchange rate movement

     12,003        (39,038

Net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities

     (62,547     (50,114

Net losses paid

     (79,903     (73,941

Acquired on purchase of subsidiaries

            600,045   

Retroactive reinsurance contracts assumed

     19,403        40,660   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net balance as at September 30

     2,634,433        3,188,579   

Plus: total reinsurance reserves recoverable

     1,004,572        1,551,262   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as at September 30

   $ 3,639,005      $ 4,739,841   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 was due to the following:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012     2011  

Net losses paid

   $ (79,903   $ (73,941

Net change in case and LAE reserves

     104,881        99,447   

Net change in IBNR

     33,528        16,961   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses

     58,506        42,467   

Reduction in provisions for bad debt

            2,399   

Reduction in provisions for unallocated loss adjustment expense liabilities

     12,579        14,113   

Amortization of fair value adjustments

     (8,538     (8,865
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities

   $ 62,547      $ 50,114   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

23


Table of Contents

ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

8. LOSSES AND LOSS ADJUSTMENT EXPENSES — (cont’d)

 

Net change in case and loss adjustment expense reserves (“LAE reserves”) comprises the movement during the quarter in specific case reserve liabilities as a result of claims settlements or changes advised to the Company by its policyholders and attorneys and the Company’s review of historic case reserves, less changes in case reserves recoverable advised by the Company to its reinsurers as a result of the settlement or movement of assumed claims. Net change in IBNR reserves represents the change in the Company’s actuarial estimates of losses incurred but not reported.

The net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities for the three months ended September 30, 2012 of $62.5 million was attributable to a reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses of $58.5 million and a reduction in provisions for unallocated loss adjustment expense liabilities of $12.6 million, relating to 2012 run-off activity, partially offset by the amortization of fair value adjustments over the estimated payout period relating to companies acquired amounting to $8.5 million.

The reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses of $58.5 million, comprised of net favorable incurred loss development of $25.0 million and reductions in IBNR reserves of $33.5 million, related primarily to:

 

  (i) the conclusion of the Company’s annual review of historic case reserves for eleven of its insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries for which no updated advices had been received for a number of years. This review confirmed the redundancy of approximately 4,400 advised case reserves with an aggregate value of $27.6 million;

 

  (ii) an aggregate reduction in IBNR reserves of $9.7 million as a result of the application, on a basis consistent with the assumptions applied in the prior period, of the Company’s actuarial methodologies to revised historical loss development data to estimate loss reserves required to cover liabilities for unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses relating to non-commuted exposures in twelve of the Company’s insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries. The prior period estimate of aggregate net IBNR liabilities for these subsidiaries was reduced as a result of the combined impact on all classes of business of loss development activity during 2012, including commutations and the favorable trend of loss development related to non-commuted policies compared to prior forecasts. The Company, in conjunction with its independent actuaries, completed an actuarial review of the loss reserves for twelve of its most seasoned insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries as at September 30, 2012; and

 

  (iii) a reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses of $21.2 million following the completion of two commutations and four policy buy-backs and settlements of assumed reinsurance liabilities.

The net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities for the three months ended September 30, 2011 of $50.1 million was attributable to a reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses of $42.5 million, a reduction in provisions for bad debt of $2.4 million and a reduction in provisions for unallocated loss adjustment expense liabilities of $14.1 million, relating to 2011 run-off activity, partially offset by the amortization of fair value adjustments over the estimated payout period relating to companies acquired amounting to $8.9 million.

The reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses of $42.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2011, comprised of net favorable incurred loss development of $25.5 million and reductions in IBNR reserves of $17.0 million, related primarily to:

 

  (i) the conclusion of the Company’s annual review of historic case reserves for eleven of its insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries for which no updated advices had been received for a number of years. This review confirmed the redundancy of approximately 7,400 advised case reserves with an aggregate value of $30.5 million; and

 

24


Table of Contents

ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

8. LOSSES AND LOSS ADJUSTMENT EXPENSES — (cont’d)

 

  (ii) an aggregate reduction in IBNR reserves of $10.7 million as a result of the application, on a basis consistent with the assumptions applied in the prior period, of the Company’s actuarial methodologies to revised historical loss development data to estimate loss reserves required to cover liabilities for unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses relating to non-commuted exposures in eleven of the Company’s insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries. The prior period estimate of aggregate net IBNR liabilities for these subsidiaries was reduced as a result of the combined impact on all classes of business of loss development activity during 2011, including commutations and the favorable trend of loss development related to non-commuted policies compared to prior forecasts. The Company, in conjunction with its independent actuaries, completed an actuarial review of the loss reserves for eleven of its most seasoned insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries as at September 30, 2011.

The reduction in provisions for bad debt of $2.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2011 resulted from the collection of receivables against which bad debt provisions had been provided for in earlier periods.

The table below provides a reconciliation of the beginning and ending reserves for losses and loss adjustment expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. Losses incurred and paid are reflected net of reinsurance balances recoverable.

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012     2011  

Balance as at January 1

   $ 4,282,916      $ 3,291,275   

Less: total reinsurance reserves recoverable

     1,383,003        525,440   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     2,899,913        2,765,835   

Effect of exchange rate movement

     9,122        (5,686

Net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities

     (141,730     (88,501

Net losses paid

     (213,396     (227,280

Acquired on purchase of subsidiaries

            610,484   

Reserves acquired from loss portfolio transfers

     58,721          

Retroactive reinsurance contracts assumed

     21,803        133,727   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net balance as at September 30

     2,634,433        3,188,579   

Plus: total reinsurance reserves recoverable

     1,004,572        1,551,262   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as at September 30

   $ 3,639,005      $ 4,739,841   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 was due to the following:

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012     2011  

Net losses paid

   $ (213,396   $ (227,280

Net change in case and LAE reserves

     272,837        247,951   

Net change in IBNR

     60,780        52,237   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses

     120,221        72,908   

Reduction in provisions for bad debt

     2,782        4,071   

Reduction in provisions for unallocated loss adjustment expense liabilities

     37,092        37,433   

Amortization of fair value adjustments

     (18,365     (25,911
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities

   $ 141,730      $ 88,501   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

25


Table of Contents

ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

8. LOSSES AND LOSS ADJUSTMENT EXPENSES — (cont’d)

 

The net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 of $141.7 million was attributable to a reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses of $120.2 million, a reduction in provisions for bad debt of $2.8 million and a reduction in provisions for unallocated loss adjustment expense liabilities of $37.1 million, relating to 2012 run-off activity, partially offset by the amortization of fair value adjustments over the estimated payout period relating to companies acquired amounting to $18.4 million.

The reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses of $120.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012, comprised of net favorable incurred loss development of $59.4 million and reductions in IBNR reserves of $60.8 million, related primarily to:

 

  (i) the conclusion of the Company’s annual review of historic case reserves for eleven of its insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries for which no updated advices had been received for a number of years. This review confirmed the redundancy of approximately 4,400 advised case reserves with an aggregate value of $27.6 million;

 

  (ii) an aggregate reduction in IBNR reserves of $9.7 million as a result of the application, on a basis consistent with the assumptions applied in the prior period, of the Company’s actuarial methodologies to revised historical loss development data to estimate loss reserves required to cover liabilities for unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses relating to non-commuted exposures in twelve of the Company’s most seasoned insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries. The prior period estimate of aggregate net IBNR liabilities for these subsidiaries was reduced as a result of the combined impact on all classes of business of loss development activity during 2012, including commutations and the favorable trend of loss development related to non-commuted policies compared to prior forecasts; and

 

  (iii) a reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses of $82.9 million following the completion of eight commutations and four policy buy-backs and settlements of assumed reinsurance liabilities, including one of the Company’s largest ten policyholder exposures as at January 1, 2012, and two commutations of ceded reinsurance recoverables, one of which was among the Company’s largest ten reinsurance recoverable balances as at January 1, 2012.

The reduction in provisions for bad debt of $2.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 resulted from the collection of receivables against which bad debt provisions had been provided for in earlier periods.

The net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 of $88.5 million was attributable to a reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses of $72.9 million, a reduction in provisions for bad debt of $4.1 million and a reduction in provisions for unallocated loss adjustment expense liabilities of $37.4 million, relating to 2011 run-off activity, partially offset by the amortization of fair value adjustments over the estimated payout period relating to companies acquired amounting to $25.9 million.

The reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses of $72.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2011, comprised of net favorable incurred loss development of $20.7 million and reductions in IBNR reserves of $52.2 million, related primarily to:

 

  (i) the conclusion of the Company’s annual review of historic case reserves for eleven of its insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries for which no updated advices had been received for a number of years. This review confirmed the redundancy of approximately 7,400 advised case reserves with an aggregate value of $30.5 million; and

 

26


Table of Contents

ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

8. LOSSES AND LOSS ADJUSTMENT EXPENSES — (cont’d)

 

  (ii) an aggregate reduction in IBNR reserves of $38.7 million as a result of the completion of two commutations of the Company’s largest ten exposures and the application, on a basis consistent with the assumptions applied in the prior period, of the Company’s actuarial methodologies to revised historical loss development data to estimate loss reserves required to cover liabilities for unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses relating to non-commuted exposures in eleven of the Company’s most seasoned insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries. The prior period estimate of aggregate net IBNR liabilities for these subsidiaries was reduced as a result of the combined impact on all classes of business of loss development activity during 2011, including commutations and the favorable trend of loss development related to non-commuted policies compared to prior forecasts.

The reduction in provisions for bad debt of $4.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 resulted from the collection of receivables against which bad debt provisions had been provided for in earlier periods.

 

9. LOANS PAYABLE

The Company’s long-term debt consists of loan facilities used to partially finance certain of the Company’s acquisitions or significant new business transactions along with loans outstanding in relation to the share repurchase agreements (the “Repurchase Agreements”) entered into with three of its executives and certain trusts and a corporation affiliated with the executives. The Company’s two outstanding credit facilities (its EGL Revolving Credit Facility and its term facility related to the Company’s 2011 acquisition of Clarendon National Insurance Company (the “Clarendon Facility”)), as well as the Repurchase Agreements, are described in Note 11 to the consolidated financial statements contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

On June 29, 2012, the Company fully repaid the outstanding principal and accrued interest of $118.0 million on its EGL Revolving Credit Facility. As of September 30, 2012, the unused portion of the EGL Revolving Credit Facility was $250.0 million.

As of September 30, 2012, all of the covenants relating to the two credit facilities were met.

Total amounts of loans payable outstanding, including accrued interest, as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 totaled $127.2 million and $242.7 million, respectively, and were comprised as follows:

 

Facility

   Date of Facility      September 30,
2012
     December 31,
2011
 

EGL Revolving Credit Facility

     June 30, 2011       $       $ 115,875   

Clarendon Facility

     July 12, 2011         106,500         106,500   
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total long-term bank debt

        106,500         222,375   

Repurchase Agreements

     October 1, 2010         18,667         18,667   

Accrued interest on loans payable

        1,991         1,668   
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total loans payable

      $ 127,158       $ 242,710   
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

The final repayment of principal and accrued interest under the Repurchase Agreements is payable on December 1, 2012.

 

27


Table of Contents

ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

10. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

The Company’s share-based compensation plans provide for the grant of various awards to its employees and to members of the Board of Directors. These are described in Note 14 to the consolidated financial statements contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011. The information below includes both the employee and director components of the Company’s share-based compensation.

(a)    Employee share plans

Employee share awards for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 are summarized as follows:

 

     Number
of Shares
    Weighted
Average Fair
Value of
the Award
 

Nonvested — January 1

     203,930      $ 20,026   

Granted

     4,363      $ 359   

Vested

     (47,649   $ (4,623
  

 

 

   

Nonvested — September 30

     160,644      $ 16,008   
  

 

 

   

 

  (i) 2006-2010 Annual Incentive Compensation Program, 2011-2015 Annual Incentive Compensation Program and 2006 Equity Incentive Plan

For the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, 191 and 16,328 shares, respectively, were awarded to directors, officers and employees under the 2006 Equity Incentive Plan. The total value of the awards for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 was less than $0.1 million and was charged against the Enstar Group Limited 2011-2015 Annual Incentive Compensation Program (the “2011 Program”) accrual established for the year ended December 31, 2011. The total value of the awards for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 was $1.5 million and was charged against the 2006-2010 Annual Incentive Compensation Program (the “2006 Program”) accrual established for the year ended December 31, 2010. The 2006 Program ended effective December 31, 2010. On February 23, 2011, the Company adopted the 2011 Program.

In addition, for the nine months ended September 30, 2011, 50,000 restricted shares were awarded under the 2006 Equity Incentive Plan. The total unrecognized compensation cost related to the Company’s non-vested share awards as at September 30, 2012 and 2011 was $8.3 million and $11.1 million, respectively. This cost is expected to be recognized evenly over the next 3.2 years. Compensation costs of $0.7 million and $2.1 million relating to these share awards were recognized in the Company’s statement of earnings for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, respectively, as compared to $0.7 million and $2.0 million, respectively, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011.

The accrued expense relating to the 2011 Program for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 was $8.6 million and $17.5 million, respectively, as compared to $2.1 million and $4.0 million, respectively, for three and nine months ended September 30, 2011 relating to the 2006 Program.

 

  (ii) Enstar Group Limited Employee Share Purchase Plan

Compensation costs of less than $0.1 million relating to the shares issued under the Amended and Restated Enstar Group Limited Employee Share Purchase Plan have been recognized in the Company’s statement of earnings for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, 4,172 and 3,977 shares, respectively, were issued to employees.

 

28


Table of Contents

ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

10. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS — (cont’d)

 

(b)    Options

 

     Number of
Shares
     Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
     Intrinsic
Value of
Shares
 

Outstanding — January 1, 2012

     98,075       $ 40.78       $ 5,631   

Exercised

                       
  

 

 

       

Outstanding — September 30, 2012

     98,075       $ 40.78       $ 5,773   
  

 

 

       

Stock options outstanding and exercisable as of September 30, 2012 were as follows:

 

Exercise Price

   Number of
Options
     Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
     Weighted Average
Remaining
Contractual Life
 

$40.78

     98,075       $ 40.78         0.9   

On November 2, 2012, the remaining outstanding stock options were fully exercised.

(c)    Deferred Compensation and Stock Plan for Non-Employee Directors

For the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, 2,360 and 3,388 restricted share units, respectively, were credited to the accounts of non-employee directors under the Enstar Group Limited Deferred Compensation and Ordinary Share Plan for Non-Employee Directors. The Company recorded director fee expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 of $0.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively, as compared to $0.1 million and $0.3 million for three and nine months ended September 30, 2011, respectively.

(d)    Pension plan

The Company provides pension benefits to eligible employees through various plans sponsored by the Company. All pension plans are structured as defined contribution plans, except for the PWAC Plan discussed below. Pension expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 was $0.2 million and $3.1 million, respectively, as compared to $1.0 million and $3.2 million, respectively, for three and nine months ended September 30, 2011.

The Company acquired, as part of its 2010 acquisition of PW Acquisition Company (“PWAC”), a noncontributory defined benefit pension plan (the “PWAC Plan”) that covers substantially all PWAC employees hired before April 1, 2003 and provides pension and certain death benefits. Effective April 1, 2004, PWAC froze the PWAC Plan. As at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, PWAC had an accrued liability of $9.6 million and $10.5 million, respectively, for the unfunded PWAC Plan liability.

The Company recorded pension expense relating to the PWAC Plan, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012, of $0.2 million and $0.5 million, respectively, as compared to $0.2 million and $0.5 million, respectively, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2011.

 

29


Table of Contents

ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

11. EARNINGS PER SHARE

The following table sets forth the comparison of basic and diluted earnings per share for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2012 and 2011:

 

    Three Months Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
              2012                          2011                          2012                          2011             

Basic earnings per ordinary share:

       

Net earnings attributable to Enstar Group Limited

  $ 47,716      $ 12,064      $ 98,111      $ 24,942   

Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding — basic

    16,437,780        14,270,003        16,433,943        13,743,191   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings per ordinary share attributable to Enstar Group Limited — basic

  $ 2.90      $ 0.85      $ 5.97      $ 1.81   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per ordinary share:

       

Net earnings attributable to Enstar Group Limited

  $ 47,716      $ 12,064      $ 98,111      $ 24,942   

Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding — basic

    16,437,780        14,270,003        16,433,943        13,743,191   

Share equivalents:

       

Nonvested shares

    160,644        203,930        163,062        194,223   

Restricted share units

    15,046        19,594        14,263        16,854   

Options

    63,059        65,637        63,088        70,876   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding — diluted

    16,676,529        14,559,164        16,674,356        14,025,144   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings per ordinary share attributable to Enstar Group Limited — diluted

  $ 2.86      $ 0.83      $ 5.88      $ 1.78   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

12. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

The Company has entered into certain transactions with companies and partnerships that are affiliated with J. Christopher Flowers. Mr. Flowers was one of the Company’s largest shareholders until May 2012, and until May 6, 2011 was a member of the Company’s Board of Directors.

As at September 30, 2012, investments associated with Mr. Flowers accounted for 92.0% of the total unfunded capital commitments of the Company and 40.3% of the total amount of investments classified as other investments by the Company. The table below summarizes the Company’s related party investments with affiliates of Mr. Flowers.

 

     September 30, 2012
Unfunded
Commitment
     December 31, 2011
Unfunded
Commitment
     September 30, 2012
Fair Value
     December 31, 2011
Fair Value
 

J.C. Flowers II L.P.

   $ 2,218       $ 2,220       $ 21,972       $ 22,458   

J.C. Flowers III L.P.

     56,482         69,247         41,026         35,780   

JCF III Co-invest I L.P.

                     22,922         23,334   

New NIB Partners L.P.

                     18,736         20,521   

Varadero International Ltd.

                     52,322         24,395   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 58,700       $ 71,467       $ 156,978       $ 126,488   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

30


Table of Contents

ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

12. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS — (cont’d)

 

As of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company included $224.4 million and $221.8 million, respectively, as part of noncontrolling interest on its balance sheet relating to five companies acquired in 2008 in which J.C. Flowers II L.P. co-invested.

On January 1, 2012, Lloyd’s Syndicate 2008 (“S2008”) transferred the assets and liabilities relating to its 2009 and prior underwriting years of account into its 2010 underwriting year of account by means of a reinsurance to close transaction (“RITC”). Following the transfer, the existing noncontrolling interest held by JCF FPK I L.P. and J.C. Flowers II L.P. ceased, resulting in the Company now providing 100% of the investment in S2008. As at September 30, 2012, $28.1 million payable by the Company in respect of noncontrolling interest related to this RITC transaction has been included in the Company’s balance sheet as part of accounts payable and accrued liabilities.

 

13. TAXATION

Earnings before income taxes include the following components:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
         2012             2011             2012              2011      

Domestic (Bermuda)

   $ (5,939   $ (6,519   $ 11,841       $ (22,970

Foreign

     76,131        33,003        130,255         71,134   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 70,192      $ 26,484      $ 142,096       $ 48,164   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Tax expense for income taxes is comprised of:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012      2011      2012      2011  

Current:

           

Domestic (Bermuda)

   $       $       $       $   

Foreign

     13,397         1,905         22,842         5,928   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     13,397         1,905         22,842         5,928   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Deferred:

           

Domestic (Bermuda)

                               

Foreign

     1,303         2,531         7,505         100   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1,303         2,531         7,505         100   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total tax expense

   $ 14,700       $ 4,436       $ 30,347       $ 6,028   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Under current Bermuda law, the Company and its Bermuda subsidiaries are exempted from paying any taxes in Bermuda on their income or capital gains until March 2035.

The Company has operating subsidiaries and branch operations in the United Kingdom, Australia, the United States and Europe and is subject to federal, foreign, state and local taxes in those jurisdictions. In addition, certain distributions from some foreign sources may be subject to withholding taxes.

 

31


Table of Contents

ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

13. TAXATION — (cont’d)

 

The expected income tax provision for the foreign operations computed on pre-tax income at the weighted average tax rate has been calculated as the sum of the pre-tax income in each jurisdiction multiplied by that jurisdiction’s applicable statutory tax rate.

The actual income tax rate differed from the amount computed by applying the effective rate of 0% under Bermuda law to earnings before income taxes as shown in the following reconciliation:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012      2011      2012      2011  

Earnings before income tax

   $ 70,192           $ 26,484           $ 142,096           $ 48,164       
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Expected tax rate

     0.0 %         0.0 %         0.0 %         0.0 %   

Foreign taxes at local expected rates

     26.1 %         33.9 %         24.4 %         38.2 %   

Change in uncertain tax positions

     0.1 %         (0.2)%         0.1 %         0.3 %   

Change in valuation allowance

     (5.4)%         (18.1)%         (3.3)%         (24.7)%   

Impact of Australian tax consolidation

     0.0 %         0.0 %         0.0 %         (1.9)%   

Other

     0.1 %         1.1 %         0.2 %         0.7 %   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Effective tax rate

     20.9 %         16.7 %         21.4 %         12.6 %   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company has estimated future taxable income of its foreign subsidiaries and has provided a valuation allowance in respect of those loss carryforwards where it does not expect to realize a benefit. The Company has considered all available evidence using a “more likely than not” standard in determining the amount of the valuation allowance.

The Company had unrecognized tax benefits of $5.8 million and $5.6 million relating to uncertain tax positions as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

The Company’s operating subsidiaries in specific countries may be subject to audit by various tax authorities and may have different statutes of limitations expiration dates. With limited exceptions, the Company’s major subsidiaries that operate in the United States, United Kingdom and Australia are no longer subject to tax examinations for years before 2005, 2008 and 2005, respectively.

Because the Company operates in many jurisdictions, its net earnings are subject to risk due to changing tax laws and tax rates around the world. The current, rapidly changing economic environment may increase the likelihood of substantial changes to tax laws in the jurisdictions in which it operates. The Company cannot predict what, if any, legislation, will actually be proposed or enacted, or what the effect of any such legislation might be on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.

 

14. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

On March 14, 2012, the Company eliminated a certain guarantee of its obligation to its wholly-owned subsidiary, Fitzwilliam, in respect of a letter of credit issued on its behalf by a London-based bank in the amount of £7.5 million (approximately $11.7 million) relating to Fitzwilliam’s insurance contract requirements.

On June 26, 2012, the Company provided a limited parental guarantee supporting Fitzwilliam’s obligation in respect of an amendment to an existing letter of credit issued on its behalf by a London-based bank in the amount of approximately $11.2 million relating to Fitzwilliam’s insurance contract requirements.

 

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ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

14. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES — (cont’d)

 

As at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company had, in total, parental guarantees supporting Fitzwilliam’s obligations in the amount of $231.0 million and $219.9 million, respectively.

As at September 30, 2012, the Company has funded $0.8 million of its total $5.0 million commitment to Dowling Capital Partners I, L.P.

The Company has entered into definitive agreements with respect to: (i) the SeaBright Merger, which is expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2012 or the first quarter of 2013; (ii) the Reciprocal of America loss portfolio transfer, which is expected to close in the first quarter of 2013; and (iii) the purchase of all of the shares of HLIC DE and HSBC DE, which is expected to close by the end of the first quarter of 2013. The SeaBright Merger and HSBC agreements are described in Note 2 — “Acquisitions”, and the Reciprocal of America agreement is described in Note 3 — “Significant New Business”.

In connection with the Company’s definitive agreement to acquire SeaBright, two purported class action lawsuits were filed against SeaBright, the members of its board of directors, the Company’s merger subsidiary (AML Acquisition, Corp.) and, in one of the cases, the Company. The first suit was filed September 13, 2012 in the Superior Court of the State of Washington and the second suit was filed September 20, 2012 in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware. The lawsuits allege, among other things, that SeaBright’s directors breached their fiduciary duties when negotiating, approving and seeking stockholder approval of the Merger, and that SeaBright and the Company aided and abetted the alleged breaches of fiduciary duties. In the suits, plaintiffs sought to enjoin defendants from taking any action to consummate the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, as well as monetary damages, including attorneys’ fees and expenses. The Company believes these suits are without merit. Nevertheless, in order to avoid the potential cost and distraction of continued litigation and to eliminate any risk of delay to the closing of the Merger, the Company, SeaBright and the SeaBright director defendants have agreed in principle to settle the two lawsuits, without admitting any liability or wrongdoing. The settlement requires SeaBright to make supplemental information available to its stockholders through a filing of a Current Report on Form 8-K with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. The settlement will not change the amount of the Merger Consideration that the Company will pay to SeaBright’s stockholders in any way, nor will it alter any deal terms or affect the timing of the November 19, 2012 SeaBright stockholder meeting (at which stockholders will vote on whether to approve the Merger). The settlement is subject to execution and delivery of definitive documentation, the closing of the Merger, approval by the Washington court of the settlement and approval by the Delaware court of dismissal of the Delaware suit. If the settlement becomes effective, both lawsuits will be dismissed.

The Company is, from time to time, involved in various legal proceedings in the ordinary course of business, including litigation regarding claims. The Company does not believe that the resolution of any currently pending legal proceedings, either individually or taken as a whole, will have a material effect on its business, results of operations or financial condition. Nevertheless, there can be no assurance that such pending legal proceedings will not have a material effect on the Company’s business, financial condition or results of operations. The Company anticipates that, similar to the rest of the insurance and reinsurance industry, it will continue to be subject to litigation and arbitration proceedings in the ordinary course of business, including litigation generally related to the scope of coverage with respect to asbestos and environmental claims. There can be no assurance that any such future litigation will not have a material effect on the Company’s business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders

of Enstar Group Limited

We have reviewed the condensed consolidated balance sheet of Enstar Group Limited and subsidiaries as of September 30, 2012, the related condensed consolidated statements of earnings and comprehensive income for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2012, and the related condensed consolidated statements of changes in shareholders’ equity and cash flows for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2012. These condensed consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management.

We conducted our review in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). A review of interim financial information consists principally of applying analytical procedures and making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the objective of which is the expression of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion.

Based on our review, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the condensed consolidated financial statements referred to above for them to be in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

The consolidated financial statements of the Company as of and for the year ended December 31, 2011, were audited by other accountants whose report dated February 24, 2012, expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements. Such consolidated financial statements were not audited by us and, accordingly, we do not express an opinion or any form of assurance on the information set forth in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2011. Additionally, the condensed consolidated statements of earnings and comprehensive income for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2011, and the related statements of changes in shareholders’ equity and cash flows for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2011, were not reviewed or audited by us, and accordingly, we do not express an opinion or any form of assurance on them.

/s/ KPMG Audit Limited

Hamilton, Bermuda

November 8, 2012

 

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Item 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following is a discussion and analysis of our results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the attached unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011.

Business Overview

Enstar Group Limited, or Enstar, was formed in August 2001 under the laws of Bermuda to acquire and manage insurance and reinsurance companies in run-off and portfolios of insurance and reinsurance business in run-off, and to provide management, consulting and other services to the insurance and reinsurance industry.

Since our formation, we have, as of September 30, 2012, completed the acquisition of 35 insurance and reinsurance companies and 18 portfolios of insurance and reinsurance business and are now administering those businesses in run-off. Of the 18 portfolios of insurance and reinsurance business, 10 were Reinsurance to Close, or “RITC” transactions, with Lloyd’s of London insurance and reinsurance syndicates in run-off, whereby the portfolio of run-off liabilities is transferred from one Lloyd’s syndicate to another. Insurance and reinsurance companies and portfolios of insurance and reinsurance business we acquire that are in run-off no longer underwrite new policies. We derive our net earnings from the ownership and management of these companies and portfolios of business in run-off primarily by settling insurance and reinsurance claims below the acquired value of loss reserves and from returns on the portfolio of investments retained to pay future claims. In addition, we provide management and consultancy services, claims inspection services and reinsurance collection services to our affiliates and third-party clients for both fixed and success-based fees.

Our primary corporate objective is to grow our net book value per share. We believe growth in our net book value is driven primarily by growth in our net earnings, which is in turn driven in large part by successfully completing new acquisitions and effectively managing companies and portfolios of business that we previously acquired.

Acquisitions

SeaBright

On August 27, 2012, we, AML Acquisition, Corp., or AML, our wholly-owned subsidiary, and SeaBright Holdings, Inc., or SeaBright, entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger, or the Merger Agreement, providing for the merger of AML with and into SeaBright, or the Merger, with SeaBright surviving the Merger as our indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary. SeaBright owns SeaBright Insurance Company, an Illinois domiciled insurer that is commercially domiciled in California. The Company expects to pay the aggregate purchase price of approximately $252.2 million through a combination of cash on hand and a bank loan facility to be finalized before closing.

At the effective date of the Merger, each outstanding share of SeaBright common stock (other than shares held by SeaBright in treasury or held by stockholders who have perfected and not withdrawn a demand for appraisal rights under Delaware law) will be automatically cancelled and converted into the right to receive $11.11 in cash, without interest, or the Merger Consideration. Each outstanding option to purchase shares of SeaBright common stock will fully vest at the effective date of the Merger and be cancelled and converted into the right to receive the Merger Consideration less the per share exercise price of the option. Each outstanding share of SeaBright restricted stock and each SeaBright restricted stock unit will fully vest at the effective time and be cancelled and converted into the right to receive the Merger Consideration. Consummation of the Merger is subject to certain conditions, including the adoption of the Merger Agreement by SeaBright’s stockholders, receipt of certain regulatory approvals and certain other customary closing conditions. The transaction is expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2012 or the first quarter of 2013.

 

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HSBC

On September 6, 2012, we and our wholly-owned subsidiary, Pavonia Holdings (US), Inc., or Pavonia, entered into a definitive agreement for the purchase of all of the shares of Household Life Insurance Company of Delaware, or HLIC DE, and HSBC Insurance Company of Delaware, or HSBC DE, from Household Insurance Group Holding Company, an affiliate of HSBC Holdings plc. HLIC DE and HSBC DE are both Delaware domiciled insurers in run-off. HLIC DE owns three other insurers domiciled in Michigan, New York, and Arizona, respectively, all of which will be in run-off at the time the transaction closes. The companies to be acquired have written various U.S. and Canadian life insurance, including credit insurance, term life insurance, assumed reinsurance, corporate owned life insurance, and annuities.

The base purchase price of approximately $181.0 million will be adjusted under the terms of the stock purchase agreement based upon changes to the capital and surplus of the acquired entities arising from the operation of the business prior to closing. We expect to finance the purchase price through a combination of cash on hand and a drawing under our Revolving Credit Facility with National Australia Bank Limited and Barclays Corporate, or the EGL Revolving Credit Facility. We are a party to the acquisition agreement and have guaranteed the performance by Pavonia of its obligations thereunder. Completion of the transaction is conditioned on, among other things, governmental and regulatory approvals and satisfaction of various customary closing conditions. The transaction is expected to close by the end of the first quarter of 2013.

Significant New Business

Zurich Danish Portfolio

On June 30, 2012, we, through the Danish branch of our wholly-owned subsidiary, Marlon Insurance Company Limited, or Marlon, acquired, by way of loss portfolio transfer under Danish law, a portfolio of reinsurance and professional disability business from the Danish branch of Zurich Insurance Company, or Zurich. After reflecting the final balances reported by Zurich, Marlon received total assets and liabilities of approximately $60.0 million.

Reciprocal of America

On July 6, 2012, we, through our wholly-owned subsidiary, Providence Washington Insurance Company, entered into a definitive loss portfolio transfer reinsurance agreement with Reciprocal of America (in Receivership) and its Deputy Receiver relating to a portfolio of workers compensation business. The estimated total assets and liabilities to be assumed are approximately $174.0 million. Completion of the transaction is conditioned upon, among other things, regulatory approvals and satisfaction of customary closing conditions. The transaction is expected to close in the first quarter of 2013.

Claremont

On August 6, 2012, we, through our wholly-owned subsidiary, Fitzwilliam Insurance Limited, or Fitzwilliam, entered into a novation agreement with another of our wholly-owned subsidiaries, Claremont Liability Insurance Company, or Claremont, and one of Claremont’s reinsurers with respect to a quota share contract. Under the novation agreement, Fitzwilliam replaced the reinsurer on the quota share contract in exchange for total assets and liabilities of approximately $16.5 million.

 

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Results of Operations

The following table sets forth our selected consolidated statement of earnings data for each of the periods indicated.

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (in thousands of U.S. dollars)  

INCOME

        

Consulting fees

   $ 1,944      $ 1,623      $ 5,913      $ 7,704   

Net investment income

     19,658        18,498        60,995        53,105   

Net realized and unrealized gains (losses)

     28,280        (8,512     55,353        6,983   

Gain on bargain purchase

                          13,105   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     49,882        11,609        122,261        80,897   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EXPENSES

        

Net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities:

        

Reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses

     (58,506     (42,467     (120,221     (72,908

Reduction in provisions for bad debt

            (2,399     (2,782     (4,071

Reduction in provisions for unallocated loss adjustment expense liabilities

     (12,579     (14,113     (37,092     (37,433

Amortization of fair value adjustments

     8,538        8,865        18,365        25,911   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     (62,547     (50,114     (141,730     (88,501

Salaries and benefits

     25,138        20,923        69,968        48,028   

General and administrative expenses

     14,409        20,759        43,423        66,720   

Interest expense

     1,713        2,435        5,886        6,098   

Net foreign exchange losses (gains)

     977        (8,878     2,618        388   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     (20,310     (14,875     (19,835     32,733   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings before income taxes

     70,192        26,484        142,096        48,164   

Income taxes

     (14,700     (4,436     (30,347     (6,028
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET EARNINGS

     55,492        22,048        111,749        42,136   

Less: Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest

     (7,776     (9,984     (13,638     (17,194
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET EARNINGS ATTRIBUTABLE TO ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED

   $ 47,716      $ 12,064      $ 98,111      $ 24,942   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comparison of the Three Months Ended September 30, 2012 and 2011

We reported consolidated net earnings, before net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest, of approximately $55.5 million and $22.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increase in earnings of approximately $33.5 million was attributable primarily to the following:

 

  (i) an increase in net realized and unrealized gains of $36.8 million due to mark-to-market changes in the market value of our other investments, along with an increase in net realized and unrealized gains on our fixed maturity investments classified as trading;

 

  (ii) an increase in net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities of $12.4 million; and

 

  (iii) a decrease in general and administrative expenses of $6.4 million due primarily to decreased professional fees, principally related to decreased legal fees and settlement costs related to certain litigation settled in 2011, along with decreased arrangement and agency fees in connection with our term loan facility relating to our acquisition of Clarendon National Insurance Company, or the Clarendon Facility, which we entered into in 2011; partially offset by

 

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  (iv) an increase in income tax expense of $10.3 million due to higher net earnings within our taxable subsidiaries;

 

  (v) a net foreign exchange loss of $1.0 million in the three months ended September 30, 2012, which was a $9.8 million decrease from the net foreign exchange gain in 2011; and

 

  (vi) an increase in salaries and benefits costs of $4.2 million due primarily to an increase in the bonus accrual of $6.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to 2011, partially offset by a decrease in staff costs due to a decrease in our overall headcount from 425 at September 30, 2011 to 393 at September 30, 2012.

Noncontrolling interest in earnings decreased by $2.2 million to $7.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 as a result of lower earnings in those companies in which there are noncontrolling interests. Net earnings attributable to Enstar Group Limited increased by $35.6 million from $12.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2011 to $47.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012.

Net Investment Income and Net Realized and Unrealized Gains (Losses):

 

     Three Months Ended September 30,  
     Net Investment Income      Net Realized and Unrealized
Gains (Losses)
 
     2012      2011      Variance      2012      2011     Variance  
     (in thousands of U.S. dollars)      (in thousands of U.S. dollars)  

Total

   $ 19,658       $ 18,498       $ 1,160       $ 28,280       $ (8,512   $ 36,792   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net investment income (inclusive of realized and unrealized gains (losses)) for the three months ended September 30, 2012 increased by $37.9 million to $47.9 million, as compared to $10.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2011.

During the three months ended September 30, 2012, our average cash and investments (excluding equities and other investments) were $3.94 billion as compared to $4.24 billion for the three months ended September 30, 2011. The return on our cash and fixed income investments (inclusive of net realized and unrealized gains (losses), but excluding net investment income and net realized and unrealized gains (losses) related to our other investments and equities) for the three months ended September 30, 2012 was 0.87% as compared to the return of 0.37% for the three months ended September 30, 2011. The increased return was largely due to realized gains during the three months ended September 30, 2012 on the sale of a number of our available-for-sale investments, combined with increases in unrealized gains on our fixed income portfolio as a result of spread compression, particularly in our structured credit and corporate bond positions.

The return on our other investments and equities (inclusive of net realized and unrealized gains (losses)) for the three months ended September 30, 2012 was 2.60% as compared to the return of (2.81)% for the three months ended September 30, 2011. The increased return is attributable to a combination of increases in unrealized gains on our equity holdings (including our equity fund holding), which benefitted from rising global equity markets during the quarter, and increases in the value of our fixed income funds within our other investments portfolio due to spread compression in the fixed income markets. We also benefitted from increased allocations to, and improved performance of, other investments and equities during the three months ended September 30, 2012, as compared to the same period in 2011.

The average credit rating of our fixed maturity investments for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and September 30, 2011 was AA-.

 

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Net Reduction in Ultimate Loss and Loss Adjustment Expense Liabilities:

The following table shows the components of the movement in the net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011:

 

     Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2012     2011  
     (in thousands of
U.S. dollars)
 

Net losses paid

   $ (79,903   $ (73,941

Net change in case and LAE reserves

     104,881        99,447   

Net change in IBNR

     33,528        16,961   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses

     58,506        42,467   

Reduction in provisions for bad debt

            2,399   

Reduction in provisions for unallocated loss adjustment expense liabilities

     12,579        14,113   

Amortization of fair value adjustments

     (8,538     (8,865
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities

   $ 62,547      $ 50,114   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net change in case and loss adjustment expense reserves, or LAE reserves, comprises the movement during the quarter in specific case reserve liabilities as a result of claims settlements or changes advised to us by our policyholders and attorneys and our review of historic case reserves, less changes in case reserves recoverable advised by us to our reinsurers as a result of the settlement or movement of assumed claims. Net change in incurred but not reported, or IBNR, reserves represents the change in our actuarial estimates of losses incurred but not reported.

The net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities for the three months ended September 30, 2012 of $62.5 million was attributable to a reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses of $58.5 million and a reduction in provisions for unallocated loss adjustment expense liabilities of $12.6 million, relating to 2012 run-off activity, partially offset by the amortization of fair value adjustments over the estimated payout period relating to companies acquired amounting to $8.5 million.

The reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses of $58.5 million, comprised of net favorable incurred loss development of $25.0 million and reductions in IBNR reserves of $33.5 million, related primarily to:

 

  (i) the conclusion of our annual review of historic case reserves for eleven of our insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries for which no updated advices had been received for a number of years. This review confirmed the redundancy of approximately 4,400 advised case reserves with an aggregate value of $27.6 million;

 

  (ii) an aggregate reduction in IBNR reserves of $9.7 million as a result of the application, on a basis consistent with the assumptions applied in the prior period, of our actuarial methodologies to revised historical loss development data to estimate loss reserves required to cover liabilities for unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses relating to non-commuted exposures in twelve of our more seasoned insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries. The prior period estimate of aggregate net IBNR liabilities for these subsidiaries was reduced as a result of the combined impact on all classes of business of loss development activity during 2012, including commutations and the favorable trend of loss development related to non-commuted policies compared to prior forecasts. We, in conjunction with our independent actuaries, completed an actuarial review of the loss reserves for twelve of our most seasoned insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries as at September 30, 2012; and

 

  (iii) a reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses of $21.2 million following the completion of two commutations and four policy buy-backs and settlements of assumed reinsurance liabilities.

The net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities for the three months ended September 30, 2011 of $50.1 million was attributable to a reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses of $42.5 million, a reduction in provisions for bad debt of $2.4 million and a reduction in provisions for unallocated loss adjustment expense liabilities of $14.1 million, relating to 2011 run-off activity, partially offset by the amortization of fair value adjustments over the estimated payout period relating to companies acquired amounting to $8.9 million.

 

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The reduction in estimates of net ultimate losses of $42.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2011, comprised of net favorable incurred loss development of $25.5 million and reductions in IBNR reserves of $17.0 million, related primarily to:

 

  (i) the conclusion of our annual review of historic case reserves for eleven of our insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries for which no updated advices had been received for a number of years. This review confirmed the redundancy of approximately 7,400 advised case reserves with an aggregate value of $30.5 million; and

 

  (ii) an aggregate reduction in IBNR reserves of $10.7 million as a result of the application, on a basis consistent with the assumptions applied in the prior period, of our actuarial methodologies to revised historical loss development data to estimate loss reserves required to cover liabilities for unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses relating to non-commuted exposures in eleven of our insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries. The prior period estimate of aggregate net IBNR liabilities for these subsidiaries was reduced as a result of the combined impact on all classes of business of loss development activity during 2011, including commutations and the favorable trend of loss development related to non-commuted policies compared to prior forecasts. We, in conjunction with our independent actuaries, completed an actuarial review of the loss reserves for eleven of our most seasoned insurance and reinsurance subsidiaries as at September 30, 2011.

The reduction in provisions for bad debt of $2.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2011 resulted from the collection of receivables against which bad debt provisions had been provided for in earlier periods.

The table below provides a reconciliation of the beginning and ending reserves for losses and loss adjustment expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011. Losses incurred and paid are reflected net of reinsurance balances recoverable.

 

     Three Months Ended September 30,  
             2012                     2011          
     (in thousands of U.S. dollars)  

Balance as at July 1

   $ 3,810,331      $ 3,267,341   

Less: total reinsurance reserves recoverable

     1,064,854        556,374   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     2,745,477        2,710,967   

Effect of exchange rate movement

     12,003        (39,038

Net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities

     (62,547     (50,114

Net losses paid

     (79,903     (73,941

Acquired on purchase of subsidiaries

            600,045   

Retroactive reinsurance contracts assumed

     19,403        40,660   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net balance as at September 30

     2,634,433        3,188,579   

Plus: total reinsurance reserves recoverable

     1,004,572        1,551,262   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as at September 30

   $ 3,639,005      $ 4,739,841   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Refer to “— Significant New Business — Claremont” for information regarding reserves acquired from retroactive reinsurance contracts assumed during the three months ended September 30, 2012.

Salaries and Benefits:

 

     Three Months Ended September 30,  
     2012      2011      Variance  
     (in thousands of U.S. dollars)  

Total

   $ 25,138       $ 20,923       $ (4,215
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Salaries and benefits, which include expenses relating to our discretionary bonus and employee share plans, were $25.1 million and $20.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

The principal changes in salaries and benefits were:

 

  (i) an increase in the bonus accrual of approximately $6.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to 2011 (expenses relating to our discretionary bonus plan will be variable and are dependent on our overall profitability); partially offset by

 

  (ii) a decrease in staff costs due to a decrease in staff numbers from 425 at September 30, 2011 to 393 at September 30, 2012; and

 

  (iii) a decrease in U.S. dollar costs of our U.K.-based staff following a decrease in the average British pound exchange rate from approximately 1.6096 for the three months ended September 30, 2011 to 1.5813 for the three months ended September 30, 2012. Of our total headcount for the three months ended September 30, 2011 and 2012, approximately 54% and 53% of salaries, respectively, were paid in British pounds.

General and Administrative Expenses:

 

     Three Months Ended September 30,  
     2012      2011      Variance  
     (in thousands of U.S. dollars)  

Total

   $ 14,409       $ 20,759       $ 6,350   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

General and administrative expenses decreased by $6.4 million during the three months ended September 30, 2012, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2011. The decrease in expenses for 2012 related primarily to:

 

  (i) a decrease in bank costs of $2.6 million associated primarily with the arrangement and agency fees paid in connection with establishing the Clarendon Facility in 2011; and

 

  (ii) a decrease of $2.4 million in professional and consulting fees due principally to decreased legal fees and settlement costs related to certain litigation settled in 2011.

Net Foreign Exchange Losses (Gains):

 

     Three Months Ended September 30,  
        2012            2011           Variance     
     (in thousands of U.S. dollars)  

Total

   $ 977       $ (8,878   $ (9,855
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

We recorded net foreign exchange losses of $1.0 million and net foreign exchange gains of $8.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The net foreign exchange losses for the three months ended September 30, 2012 arose primarily as a result of a decrease of $1.6 million in the fair value of our Australian dollar and British pound forward exchange contracts. On February 8, 2012, we entered into two foreign currency forward exchange contracts, pursuant to which we sold AU$25.0 million for $26.2 million and AU$35.0 million for $36.1 million. The contracts have settlement dates of December 19, 2012 and May 10, 2013, respectively. In addition, we entered into a British pound forward exchange contract pursuant to which we sold 17.0 million British pounds for $26.6 million. The contract has a settlement date of March 6, 2013.

The net foreign exchange gains for the three months ended September 30, 2011 arose primarily as a result of the holding of surplus U.S. dollar assets in one of our subsidiaries whose functional currency is Australian dollars at a time when the U.S. dollar was appreciating against the Australian dollar, as well as the foreign exchange gains of $3.0 million realized on an Australian dollar forward exchange contract, which we entered into on August 23, 2011 and closed out on September 22, 2011.

 

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In addition to the net foreign exchange losses recorded in our consolidated statement of earnings for the three months ended September 30, 2012, we recorded in our condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income currency translation adjustment gains, net of noncontrolling interest, of $2.8 million as compared to losses, net of noncontrolling interest, of $18.7 million for the same period in 2011. For the three months ended September 30, 2012, the currency translation adjustments related primarily to our Australia-based and Ireland-based subsidiaries. As the functional currency of these subsidiaries is Australian dollars and Euros, respectively, we are required to record any U.S. dollar gains or losses on the translation of their net Australian dollar or Euro assets through accumulated other comprehensive income.

Income Tax Expense:

 

     Three Months Ended September 30,  
     2012      2011      Variance  
     (in thousands of U.S. dollars)  

Total

   $ 14,700       $ 4,436       $ (10,264
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

We recorded income tax expense of $14.7 million and $4.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increase in taxes for the three months ended September 30, 2012 was due predominantly to higher overall net earnings in our taxable subsidiaries as compared to the same period in 2011.

Noncontrolling Interest:

 

     Three Months Ended September 30,  
       2012          2011          Variance    
     (in thousands of U.S. dollars)  

Total

   $ 7,776       $ 9,984       $ 2,208   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

We recorded a noncontrolling interest in earnings of $7.8 million and $10.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The decrease for the three months ended September 30, 2012 in noncontrolling interest was due primarily to a decrease in earnings for those companies where there exists a noncontrolling interest. In addition, on January 1, 2012, Lloyd’s Syndicate 2008, or S2008, transferred the assets and liabilities relating to its 2009 and prior underwriting years of account into its 2010 underwriting year of account by means of an RITC transaction. Following the transfer, the existing noncontrolling interest held by JCF FPK I L.P. and J.C. Flowers II L.P. ceased, resulting in us now providing 100% of the investment in S2008.

Comparison of the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2012 and 2011

We reported consolidated net earnings, before net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest, of approximately $111.7 million and $42.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The increase in earnings of approximately $69.6 million was primarily attributable to the following:

 

  (i) an increase in net reduction in ultimate loss and loss adjustment expense liabilities of $53.2 million;

 

  (ii) an increase in net realized and unrealized gains of $48.4 million due to mark-to-market changes in the market value of our other investments, along with an increase in net realized and unrealized gains on our fixed maturity investments classified as trading;

 

  (iii) a decrease in general and administrative expenses of $23.3 million due primarily to a decrease in professional fees, principally related to decreased legal fees and settlement costs related to certain litigation settled in 2011, along with decreased arrangement and agency fees related to both the Clarendon Facility and the EGL Revolving Credit Facility, both of which we entered into in 2011; and

 

  (iv) an increase in net investment income of $7.9 million; partially offset by

 

  (v) an increase in salaries and benefits costs of $21.9 million due primarily to an increase in the bonus accrual of $12.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as compared to 2011, along with an increase in our overall average headcount from 362 to 402 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 and 2012, respectively;

 

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  (vi) an increase in income tax expense of $24.3 million due in large part to higher net earnings within our taxable subsidiaries;

 

  (vii) a gain on bargain purchase of $13.1 million in 2011, which arose in relation to our acquisition of Laguna Life Limited, or Laguna (as compared to no gain on bargain purchase in 2012); and

 

  (viii) an increase in net foreign exchange losses of $2.2 million.

Noncontrolling interest in earnings decreased by $3.6 million to $13.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 as a result of lower earnings in those companies in which there are noncontrolling interests. Net earnings attributable to Enstar Group Limited increased by $73.2 million from $24.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 to $98.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2012.

Net Investment Income and Net Realized and Unrealized Gains:

 

     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
     Net Investment Income      Net Realized and Unrealized Gains  
       2012          2011          Variance          2012          2011          Variance    
     (in thousands of U.S. dollars)  

Total

   $ 60,995       $ 53,105       $ 7,890       $ 55,353       $ 6,983       $ 48,370   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net investment income (inclusive of net realized and unrealized gains) for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 increased by $56.3 million to $116.4 million, as compared to $60.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2011.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, our average cash and investments (excluding equities and other investments) were $4.10 billion as compared to $3.90 billion for the nine months ended September 30, 2011. The return on our cash and fixed income investments (inclusive of net realized and unrealized gains (losses), but excluding net investment income and net realized and unrealized gains (losses) related to our other investments and equities) for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 was 2.05% as compared to the return of 1.28% for the nine months ended September 30, 2011. The increased return was largely due to realized gains during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 on the sale of a number of our available-for-sale investments, combined with increases in unrealized gains on our fixed income portfolio as a result of spread compression, particularly in our structured credit and corporate bond positions. In addition, increases in average investment balances coupled with increases in yield earned resulted in higher investment income from cash and fixed income investments.

The return on our other investments and equities (inclusive of net realized and unrealized gains (losses)) for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 was 6.72% as compared to the return of 0.96% for the same period in 2011. The increased return is attributable to a combination of increases in unrealized gains on our equity holdings (including our equity fund holding), which benefitted from rising global equity markets during 2012, and increases in the value of our fixed income funds within our other investments portfolio due to spread compression in the fixed income markets. We also benefitted from increased allocations to, and improved performance of, other investments and equities during the nine months ended September 30, 2012, as compared to same period for 2011.

The average credit rating of our fixed maturity investments for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 was AA-.

Gain on Bargain Purchase:

 

     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
       2012          2011          Variance    
     (in thousands of U.S. dollars)  

Total

   $       $ 13,105       $ (13,105
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Gain on bargain purchase of $13.1 million was recorded for the nine months ended September 30, 2011. The gain on bargain purchase was earned in connection with our acquisition of Laguna and represents the excess

 

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of the aggregate fair value of net assets acquired of $34.3 million over the cost of $21.2 million. This excess was, in accordance with the provisions of the Business Combinations topic of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification 805, recognized as income for the nine months ended September 30, 2011. The gain on bargain purchase arose mainly as a result of our reassessment, upon acquisition, of the total required estimated costs to manage the business to expiry. Our assessment of costs was lower than the acquired costs record